Japanese Liberal Democratic Party presidential election: Aso’s support is far ahead


  On September 10th, the presidential election of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan was announced, and five people, namely Taro Aso, yuriko koike, Shi Pomao, Kaoru Yosano and Nobuteru Ishihara, formally put forward their candidacy. The above five candidates held a joint reporter meeting at the LDP headquarters that afternoon to explain their political views. The picture shows Aso at the press conference. China News Agency issued Zhu Yanhua photo


  BEIJING, Sept. 11 (Xinhua) According to a survey conducted by Kyodo News as of the evening of the 10th, nearly half of the 387 LDP members in the Senate and the House of Representatives have supported Secretary-General Taro Aso, far ahead of the second economic and financial minister, Kaoru Yosano, who has only about 50 people.


  There are less than 30 members of Parliament who have clearly expressed their support for Nobuteru Ishihara, the president of the Political Consultative Conference, yuriko koike, and Shi Pomao, the former defense minister, and three of them are struggling. However, many Members have yet to show their attitude, and some people will change their minds temporarily, so there are still variables in the final result.


  Aso has won more than 60% support from the largest faction, the Machimura faction (88 people), and nearly half support from Tsushima (70 people), Koga (62 people) and Yamazaki (41 people). In addition, his own Aso faction (20 people), Ibuki faction (28 people), Second-order faction (16 people) and Takamura faction (15 people) basically consider supporting Aso, in addition to the support from some non-partisan members.

Editor: Lu Wei

The new BYD Tang EV is on the market, with a price of 279,800.

On June 1, 2022, the new BYD Tang (parameter picture) EV was officially launched, with a price of 279,800. See the table below for details. The new BYD Tang EV is a mid-term modified model. The front face of the new car adopts the front face of BYD Dynasty electric family, and it is changed into a closed shape, which gives people a fresher feeling. BYD Tang EV is currently BYD’s flagship SUV model. After the mid-term change, the new car will come standard with 7 seats, and it can be upgraded with 6 seats for 10,000 yuan.

We can see that the price range of the new BYD Tang EV is 27.98-33.98 million yuan. The new car has three configurations to choose from, namely, the 600-kilometer battery life exclusive type, the 730-kilometer battery life exclusive type and the 635-kilometer battery life four-wheel drive flagship type. It has two kinds of blade batteries to choose from.

If the first generation of BYD Tang stands firm with the strength of "road tank", then the second generation of Tang has added the item of face value on the basis of strength, and its appearance is really reasonable, even before the mid-term change. The biggest change in the appearance of the new BYD Tang EV is its front face, which adopts a closed design, with only an air inlet below and a silver diversion shovel at the bottom. The top half of the front face of the new car adopts a very layered design, with a wide silver decoration at the top and its Chinese logo in the middle. The whole front face has a strong gas field.

There is no change in the side of the new Tang EV, but it can play well, with a suspended roof and a black painting style for the D-pillar. The side of the new car body has a sharp waistline, and its black wheel eyebrows are very delicate. The side of the body of the new Tang EV is very eye-catching, fashionable and sporty as a whole.

In the rear part of the car, the new car has a layered design. It has a penetrating taillight group. The taillight is three-dimensional and prominent. Although it is simple, it looks very atmospheric, and the lower part of the tail has a groove design. The part surrounded by the bottom of the new car is also very delicate, and the two ends are shaped like weapons.

In the interior, the new car adopts a family style, with a two-piece steering wheel, which is very atmospheric. The central control large screen of the new car is suspended and rotatable, and there are obvious atmosphere lights on the center console, which are interspersed on the panel. In terms of configuration, the new car is equipped with a Dana stereo, and the front seats support heating, ventilation and massage. In terms of power, the 600 km exclusive model of the new car is equipped with a motor with an output of 228 horsepower; The 730 km exclusive model is equipped with a 245 HP motor; The 635km four-wheel drive flagship is equipped with a 180kW+200kW motor, which accelerates for 4.4 seconds in 100km. In terms of battery, the 635km four-wheel drive model and the 730km exclusive model of the new car use 108.8kWh blade battery, while the battery capacity of the 630km exclusive model is smaller.

Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition officially launched.

(Reporter Zhao Dandan) On November 10th, the Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition was officially launched. There are four versions of the new car, and the price is 124,900-145,900 yuan.

According to reports, the Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition is positioned as a "5+2 luxury flagship SUV", with five product champions in power, safety, space, technology and quality, and has entered the medium-sized SUV market strongly.

In terms of power, the Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition is equipped with the strongest product lineup of Kunpeng Power 1.6TGDI/2.0TGDI at the same level. The fuel consumption per 100 kilometers is as low as 6.8L, and the acceleration per 100 kilometers is 7 seconds, and the engine is guaranteed for life. In terms of safety, based on the C-NCAP five-star safety design, the ultra-high strength steel integrated cage body is adopted, and six Bentele ultra-high strength thermoformed steel sections and the third generation high strength steel are used as key parts; Equipped with L2 intelligent driving assistance system, including 540 high-definition panoramic image, full-speed ACC adaptive cruise system and many other functions, making driving easier, parking more convenient and driving safer. In terms of intelligent network connection, it is equipped with Qualcomm Snapdragon 8155 intelligent chip, which can realize fast startup in 2 seconds and smooth response in 30 milliseconds.

As the sales force of Chery, the Tiggo 8 champion family has not only won the love and support of 800,000 users around the world, but also exported to more than 80 countries and regions. It has also won 32 championships, 14 product honors and many overseas honors, becoming the champion of conquering the stadium, the world-renowned champion and the champion in the hearts of users. The official launch of the Tiggo 8 PLUS Champion Edition will further enrich the product matrix of the Tiggo 8 Champion Family and accelerate the "Champion Road" of the Tiggo 8 Family.

Talking about digital empowerment and practicing digital transformation technology, Huawei Cloud and Dongchangfu District enterprises release digital productivity.

In order to thoroughly implement the measures taken by the provincial party committee and the provincial government to promote the chain length system, further accelerate the digital transformation process of enterprises in Dongchangfu District, and promote industrial development to improve quality and efficiency, Dongchangfu District Bureau of Industry and Information Technology and Huawei (Liaocheng) Digital Industry Innovation Center launched a series of activities, namely "Yunling Dongchang, Talking about Digital Empowerment and Practicing Digital Transformation Technology Salon". The series of activities of the Technology Salon aims to combine the advantages of Huawei’s cloud technology with the advantages of local industries, and strengthen enterprise exchanges in the region in various directions such as industrial Internet applications, digital factory scenarios, artificial intelligence, and network security.

On May 30th, the first special salon with the theme of "Digital Factory Empowerment Salon and Strong Chain Matchmaking Meeting of Industrial Chain" was held as scheduled.

Releasing digital productivity, Huawei Cloud enables manufacturing to upgrade "intelligence"

As the world’s leading provider of ICT infrastructure and intelligent terminals, Huawei provides practical and effective digital transformation solutions for enterprises in Dongchangfu District. In this activity, Huawei invited business representatives to visit Huawei (Liaocheng) Digital Industry Innovation Center to learn about the digital achievements of Huawei Cloud Empowering local enterprises, so that business representatives can further feel the advantages of digital transformation in the current competitive environment.

In order to further deepen enterprises’ understanding of digital transformation, Wei Ning, director of industrial Internet products of Huawei Cloud IoT, published the theme sharing of "Digital Factory Construction, Helping Enterprises Speed up Digital Intelligence" at the event. This sharing focuses on how the manufacturing industry is deeply integrated with the ICT industry, and deeply explores the pain points of digital transformation of enterprises. Focusing on achieving efficient collaboration between upstream and downstream supply chains, optimizing production processes, improving product quality, and then reducing raw material procurement and product listing cycle to seize market opportunities, Huawei Cloud has demonstrated many advantages in empowering enterprises in digital transformation. At the same time, Wei Ning also gave a detailed introduction to the capabilities provided by Huawei Cloud FusionPlant industrial Internet platform, which provided more reference for the digital transformation of enterprises present.

Wei Ning, Director of Huawei Cloud IoT Industrial Internet Products

Focus on multiple production scenarios in a refined way, and promote the value transformation of digital intelligence together.

With the continuous development of technical capabilities, the deep integration of digitalization and industry has become the general trend. Facing the actual demand of manufacturing industry for digital upgrading, the penetration of digital capability into all aspects of industrial production has become the only way to boost the innovation and development of manufacturing industry.

Liu Tongshun, a researcher at the National Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory and a senior consultant of CAXA, delivered a keynote speech entitled "PLM Enabling Design Through Intelligent Manufacturing" based on the full link efficiency of digital capabilities in the production process. It not only analyzed the full-link advantages of PLM application in intelligent manufacturing for the guests, but also shared the successful cases of PLM application in digital transformation, so that more enterprise representatives could understand the advantages of digital capabilities in enterprise production and management.

Liu Tongshun, Senior Consultant of CAXA

Liu Dong, senior executive consultant of Shandong Wan Teng Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., shared the theme of "Intelligent Manufacturing Promotes Digital Transformation of Enterprises" and gave many suggestions on how to refine the granularity of enterprise manufacturing operation management, strengthen performance management and improve enterprise operation efficiency through intelligent management system architecture.

Liu Dong, Senior Executive Consultant of Shandong Wan Teng Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

Yue Yongshuai, Shandong Regional Director of Shenzhen Smart Internet of Things Co., Ltd., introduced MixIOT, an underlying system of Internet of Things independently developed by Smart Internet of Things, through The Value and Application of Internet of Things in Industry. And share the safety management and control, quality improvement and cost reduction of multi-service scenarios such as air compressor station, boiler and electric power based on MixIOT platform.

Yue Yongshuai, Shandong Regional Director of Shenzhen Zhiwulian Network Co., Ltd.

Business representatives from Shandong Tiangong Geotechnical Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd. made wonderful sharing on embracing digital productivity, and conducted in-depth discussions on the changes in the industry structure caused by digital transformation.

Hou Dianbo, Enterprise Representative of Shandong Tiangong Geotechnical Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd.

In the salon activities where industry experts and business representatives talked about the road of digital development, the digital transformation goals of related enterprises in Dongchangfu District gradually became clear, and the urgent need for digital transformation was quickly responded. Since then, Huawei Cloud will attract more high-quality partners in the industry, jointly promote the digitalization, networking and intelligent construction of enterprises, and explore a broader digital economic space for more enterprises in urgent need of transformation.

Central control three screens Haval Xiaolong MAX interior spy photos exposure

  [car home domestic spy photos] Recently, we got a set of interior spy photos of Haval’s brand-new plug-in hybrid SUV "(|)" from netizens. From the photos, we can see that this car will have three central control screens, and its configuration and sense of technology are very good.


  Friendly reminder:I hope enthusiastic netizens can photograph the spy photos of your new car and send them to our corresponding mailbox: diezhao@autohome.com.cn. I look forward to your letter and become a member of the "spy".


Home of the car

Home of the car

  The interior of this car is photographed in black and white, and the overall look is quite simple and refreshing. And as can be seen from the picture, there is a huge screen on the center console, which we expect will bring a good entertainment experience to the co-pilot position.

Home of the car

 Below the center console, the physical buttons of new cars are mainly concentrated here, and the number is also small, which is consistent with the design trend of "big screen, few buttons" of current models. In addition, you can also see two mobile phone wireless charging areas. Similarly, according to the current trend, these two charging panels may support 50 watts of wireless fast charging.

Home of the car

  When you come to the back row, you can see that there is an air conditioning air outlet in the back row of the car, but it is not a version with adjustable independent temperature zone, and a USB charging interface configuration will be placed under the air outlet. In addition, judging from the pictures taken, the performance of the rear space of the car should also be good, and the floor is relatively flat.

Home of the car

Home of the car

  According to the declaration map we obtained from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the design of the new car is different from that of the current Haval model. The 7-shaped headlights are very unique, with a borderless front grille, which highlights the sense of technology. In addition, the new car has a more wild front face to choose from, and the style is more changeable. In terms of body size, the length/width/height of the new car are 4758(4771)/1895/1725mm respectively, and the wheelbase is 2800mm, or it is positioned as a medium-sized SUV.

  In terms of power, the new car is equipped with a plug-in hybrid system consisting of a 1.5L engine and a motor, in which the maximum power of the engine is 85kW. The battery is the ternary lithium battery of Guoxuan Hi-Tech. From the tail mark, the new car or lemon DHT technology equipped with the Great Wall is expected to have a good performance in fuel consumption. We will continue to pay attention to more news about the new car. (Text/car home Luo Aoyu)

Highlight the sense of luxury Chery Tiggo 9 interior official map released

  [Official map of new car in car home] We obtained the official map of (|) interior from Chery Automobile, and the interior highlights the sense of luxury as a whole, while giving consideration to technology. It is reported that the new car will be unveiled on February 27 and will be listed in May.

■ The interior is full of luxury, which is the peak of Chery design.

Home of the car

Home of the car

  It can be seen that the overall color scheme of the new car is brown and white, which looks luxurious, and the central control area is made of wood materials, which highlights the sense of luxury. In addition, seats, door panels, armrest boxes and other places use gold stitching to make the interior more delicate.

Home of the car

  The new car adopts the popular center console design method at present, and the dual screen design can create a certain scientific and technological atmosphere; The zigzag air outlet at the bottom of the screen is very distinctive. The steering wheel, gear handle and other areas seem to use virtual buttons, which is more scientific and technological.

Home of the car

Home of the car

  The control area under the vehicle center console also has an unusual visual effect, which is very spacious and simple in layout. The bottom has been hollowed out, and there is a USB interface for the convenience of users. The seat looks very comfortable, and the golden stitching shows a sense of luxury. From the picture, the rear space will be a highlight of the car.

■ Looking back at the appearance: the atmosphere is calm and it is worthy of being the flagship of the family.

Home of the car

Home of the car

  Previously, the official map of the new car has been released. Let’s review its performance. In terms of appearance, the new car adopts Chery’s family-style design style, with a polygonal large-size front grille and a straight waterfall chrome trim inside, in which the trim strip is also twisted to enhance the three-dimensional sense of modeling. At the same time, the long and narrow headlight group is matched with a plurality of ribs raised by the engine and a three-stage air inlet below, and the visual effect is very atmospheric.

Home of the car

  From the side of the car body, a straight waistline runs directly from the front lamp group to the tail lamp group, which is very atmospheric with the front and rear three-dimensional wheel eyebrows and dense spokes. At the same time, the car also adopts the popular hidden door handle and suspended roof light design, which has a prominent layering.

Home of the car

  When it comes to the rear, this car also adopts many popular elements, such as penetrating taillights, large-size spoiler at the roof and two exhaust layouts on both sides, which will enhance the sense of fashion and sports.

Chery tiggo 9 2023 basic model

Chery tiggo 9 2023 basic model

Chery tiggo 9 2023 basic model

  In terms of body size, according to the previously exposed declaration information, the length, width and height of the new car are 4820/1930/1699mm and the wheelbase is 2820mm respectively. This is also the largest SUV of Chery family at present, which is bigger than Tiggo 8.

Size comparison of Chery family SUV car make and model position Seat layout Length (mm) wide(mm) tall(mm) wheelbase (of a vehicle)(mm) Price (ten thousand yuan) Tiggo 9 Medium SUV 5/7 4820 1930 1699 2820 Listed in May Tiggo 8 PLUS Medium SUV five 4722 1860 1745 2710 12.49-16.99 Tiggo 8 Pro Medium SUV 5/7 4745 1860 1745 2710 12.69-17.49 Tiggo 8 Medium SUV 5/7 4700 1860 1746 2710

9.58-16.8888

  In terms of power, according to the application information, the new car will be equipped with Kunpeng Power 2.0TGDI engine. At present, this engine is equipped on the Tiggo 8 series, with a maximum power of 187kW, a peak torque of 390N·m and a comprehensive fuel consumption of 7.7L/100km.  

■ Who are the opponents?

Geely Automobile Xingyue L 2023 2.0TD high-power automatic two-wheel drive flagship type

Geely xingyue l

Changan automobile Changan UNI-K 2023 basic model

Changan UNI-K

  From the perspective of size data and brand positioning, Geely Haoyue L, Changan UNI-K and other models have formed a competitive relationship with Tiggo 9, not to mention the product of Xingyue L, which has a wheelbase exceeding that of Tiggo 9, but has lowered its price to spoil the compact SUV market. The top of these cars does not exceed 200 thousand yuan, and the configuration is very high, which is quite cost-effective, and the design style also has its own characteristics. The opponent facing Tiggo 9 is still very strong, and it needs to show some "real skills" to gain a foothold. We also expect the selling point of the new car to continue to be exposed.

■ Edit comments

  At present, Chery lacks a real flagship medium-sized SUV, and the 2710mm wheelbase of the Tiggo 8 family is slightly inferior in the medium-sized SUV, and its main sales model is about 140,000 yuan. The appearance of Tiggo 9 fills the gap of Chery’s high-end SUV and will definitely enter the higher-end market. We can see that Tiggo 9 has greatly improved in design, workmanship, materials and configuration. However, at present, the products at the same level are mainly cost-effective, so reasonable pricing is very important. Do you think Tiggo 9 can stand out in the market? Please vote or comment. (Text/car home Xing Yueyang)

Review on the Management of Bosch’s 2022 Annual Board of Directors

() The business review of the Board of Directors in 2022 is as follows:

  I. The industry in which the company is located during the reporting period.

  1, the basic situation of the industry, development stage, cyclical characteristics.

  During the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, China took "raising gas, reducing carbon, strengthening ecology, increasing water, consolidating soil and preventing risks" as the basic idea, and stressed that it was necessary to achieve new breakthroughs in key areas and key indicators such as industrial sewage treatment, industrial park management, high-end equipment and carbon neutrality, and continue to carry out various special actions to prevent and control pollution. Water, soil, solid and waste gas will continue to be under strict supervision. With the innovation of supervision means and mechanism, on the one hand, after the "Double Carbon Strategy" was put forward, traditional environmental protection developed into green environmental protection, and emerging fields such as clean energy, energy saving and low carbon, and green recycling, which are closely related to double carbon, were included in the category of green environmental protection, stimulating the green environmental protection industry to usher in major development opportunities; On the other hand, a large number of state-owned enterprises and central enterprises have entered the field of ecological environment by setting up environmental protection companies or participating in the mixed reform of private environmental protection enterprises. The environmental protection industry has entered the form of industrial collectivization and developed into a comprehensive service group with nationwide and whole industrial chain, and the industrial competition pattern has further intensified.

  (1) Water treatment industry

  The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has made comprehensive arrangements for strengthening the construction of ecological civilization, fighting a tough battle against pollution and building a beautiful China. As the task of implementing the overall layout of "five in one" such as "ecological civilization construction" and winning the key plan of "fighting a tough battle against pollution" and "building a beautiful China", the battle for clear water has been promoted to a historic strategic height. In recent years, The state has successively issued a number of sewage treatment-related policies, such as the Master Plan for Major National Projects for the Protection and Restoration of Important Ecosystems (2021-2035), the Implementation Plan for the Shortcomings and Strengths of Urban Domestic Sewage Treatment Facilities, the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Reuse of Sewage, the Opinions of the State Council City, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Promoting Rural Revitalization in an All-round Way and Accelerating the Modernization of Agriculture and Rural Areas, and the Development Plan for Urban Sewage Treatment and Reuse in the Tenth Five-Year Plan, which involve the prevention and control of water pollution and the marketization mechanism of sewage treatment. During the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, sewage treatment and resource utilization have been steadily promoted, with county sewage treatment, urban sludge disposal and reclaimed water utilization as the main incremental space, and facilities construction focused on four major directions: pipe network, treatment facilities, recycling facilities and sludge disposal. In March 2022, four ministries and commissions, including the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, jointly issued the "Implementation Plan for Deepening the Fight against Urban Black and Odor Water", and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the "Environmental Protection Action Plan for Urban Black and Odor Water Remediation in the Tenth Five-Year Plan" to further refine the urban black and odorous water remediation work.The main battlefield of black and odorous water bodies extends to county-level cities. The action plan requires that by 2025, the proportion of black and odorous water bodies in county-level urban built-up areas will reach 90%; For the cities at or above the county level that have completed the treatment and realized that the water body is neither black nor smelly, it is necessary to consolidate the effect of urban black and odorous water body treatment and establish a long-term mechanism to prevent the black and odorous water body from returning. In June 2022, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other six departments issued the Action Plan for Improving Industrial Water Efficiency, which pointed out that efforts should be made to break through the key common technologies of water saving such as treatment and recycling of high-concentration organic wastewater and high-salinity wastewater, high-performance membrane materials, high-efficiency catalysts, green chemicals, intelligent monitoring and optimal control. "peak carbon dioxide emissions" and "carbon neutrality", as one of the important targets of China’s "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" pollution prevention and control, promote the industry to pay more attention to low-carbon and resource utilization, and the sewage treatment will develop in the direction of low-carbon operation and green transformation.

  (2) Soil remediation industry

  In order to thoroughly implement the Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution and the Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution, in recent years, the relevant state administrative departments have successively promulgated a series of management policies and technical guidance documents for the soil remediation industry, mainly involving standardized management of the industry, financial support and technical upgrading. In December 2021, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, together with the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and other departments, jointly issued the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" for Soil, Groundwater and Rural Ecological Environment Protection (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan").

  The Plan sets targets in two stages. By 2025, the environmental quality of soil and groundwater in the whole country will remain stable, and the safe use of polluted cultivated land and key construction land will be consolidated and improved. By 2035, the national soil and groundwater environmental quality will be stable and good, the soil environmental safety of agricultural land and key construction land will be effectively guaranteed, and the soil environmental risks will be fully controlled. In February, 2022, the State Council issued the Notice on Carrying out the Third National Soil Survey, and decided to carry out the third national soil survey from 2022, with four years to comprehensively find out the soil quality of agricultural land, especially focusing on agricultural land soil survey. As the census work is rolled out in various places, the orders related to soil testing will continue to increase, opening up new development space for the third-party environmental testing service industry; On February 11th, 2022, the State Council issued the "14th Five-Year Plan to Promote Agricultural and Rural Modernization". Combined with China’s new development concept and the goal of basically realizing beautiful China in 2035, it is predicted that the soil remediation industry will enter a critical period of high-quality development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.

  (3) solid waste treatment and disposal industry

  During the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the construction of domestic waste classification and treatment facilities entered a critical period. In order to guide and promote the planning and construction of domestic waste sorting and treatment facilities in China, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development organized and compiled the Development Plan of Urban Domestic Waste Sorting and Treatment Facilities in the Tenth Five-Year Plan. In terms of specific targets, by the end of 2025, the utilization rate of domestic waste resources in China will reach about 60%, and the sorting and transportation capacity will reach about 700,000 tons/day. In recent years, the state has successively promulgated policies and regulations such as Technical Policy for Urban Domestic Waste Treatment and Pollution Prevention and Control, National Construction Plan for Hazardous Waste and Medical Waste Disposal Facilities, and formulated a series of national and industrial standards such as Pollution Control Standard for Domestic Waste Landfills, Project Specification for Domestic Waste Treatment and Disposal, and Pollution Control Standard for General Industrial Solid Waste Storage and Disposal Sites, which has promoted the standardization and rapid development of this industry. The newly revised Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste and the National Hazardous Waste List (2021 Edition) were published to the public, which showed that the policy system of China’s solid waste industry has been continuously improved and the control measures and efforts have been continuously strengthened. In December 2021, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and other departments jointly issued the Work Plan for the Construction of "Waste-free Cities" during the Tenth Five-Year Plan period to promote the construction of "Waste-free Cities" in about 100 cities at prefecture level and above; In June 2022, the "Implementation Plan for Pollution Reduction and Carbon Reduction Synergy" issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and other seven departments proposed that in terms of solid waste treatment, by 2025,The comprehensive utilization rate of new bulk solid waste reached 60%, and the stock of bulk solid waste decreased in an orderly manner; Strengthen the reduction, recycling and harmless treatment of domestic waste, vigorously promote waste classification, optimize the treatment and disposal methods of domestic waste, and strengthen the resource utilization of recyclable materials and kitchen waste. The introduction of relevant policies will further promote the accelerated release of market space in various fields of the solid waste industry chain.

  (4) Manufacturing of environmental protection equipment

  Environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry is an important part of energy-saving and environmental protection industry. In recent years, the overall demand of environmental protection industry has increased rapidly, and environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry has broad market prospects. "Guiding Opinions of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Accelerating the Development of Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Industry" points out: "Guide the differentiated, clustered and integrated development of industries. Leading enterprises in environmental protection equipment are encouraged to develop into integrated service providers integrating system design, equipment manufacturing, engineering construction, commissioning and maintenance, and operation management. Small and medium-sized enterprises are developing in the direction of "specialization and novelty" with product specialization, intensive research and development, service characteristics and new formats, forming a number of gathering areas led by leading enterprises, supporting small and medium-sized enterprises and coordinated development of industrial chains. Guide the integrated development of environmental protection equipment manufacturing with the Internet and service industries, actively explore new models and new formats, and accelerate the improvement of service capabilities and investment and financing capabilities of manufacturing enterprises. " In January 2022, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other three departments jointly issued the Action Plan for High-quality Development of Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Industry (2022-2025), proposing that by 2025, the technical level of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry will be significantly improved, and the output value of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry will strive to reach 1.3 trillion yuan. This is the first time that the "Action Plan for High-quality Development of Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Industry" has been issued at the national level, which has pointed out the direction for the development of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry in the next few years.

  2. The industry status of the company.

  After years of leap-forward development, the company has achieved domestic leading and international leading position in many sub-sectors, won national and provincial-level honors for many core technologies, and listed many core equipment in the catalogue of major environmental protection technologies and equipment encouraged by the state, key new products, the first set of major technical equipment in China, Guangxi famous brand products, etc., forming a product promotion layout of "based on China, facing ASEAN and connecting with the world". Technology and products are exported to ASEAN, Eastern Europe, West Africa, South America and other overseas markets, becoming a leading environmental brand with strong international competitiveness in China, gradually infiltrating from the traditional water pollution control to all aspects of comprehensive environmental management, from the domestic single market to globalization and internationalization, from a single pollution source control index to the whole environmental management system effect, from the initial "equipment+engineering" business model to environmental technology services, environmental consulting services, environmental equipment manufacturing, environmental operation services and other industrial chains. Based on solving the key common technologies of industrial development, the company has continuously improved its independent innovation and R&D capabilities, and built a benign operation mechanism from technological achievements and products to industrial applications. At present, it has formed a technological innovation system of basic theoretical research on environmental protection, R&D and application of key environmental technologies, and integration of production and education, striving to become a leader in technological innovation and development of domestic environmental protection industries, and further consolidating its strategic positioning as a "comprehensive environmental service provider with sustainable innovation capabilities and independent core technologies".

  

  II. Main businesses of the Company during the reporting period

  1. Overview of the company’s main business during the reporting period.

  Guided by improving environmental performance and solving environmental problems, the company is committed to providing customers with comprehensive solutions for comprehensive environmental management in many fields and directions. Its core businesses mainly include comprehensive environmental management services focusing on industrial environmental management and clean production, municipal environmental management and ecological restoration, soil remediation, solid (hazardous) waste disposal and smart sanitation. Equipment manufacturing and sales business focusing on research and development, manufacturing and sales of multi-field environmental protection equipment; The operation business mainly includes waterworks, sewage treatment plants, sanitation integration, terminal operation of sludge and contaminated soil disposal, etc. Comprehensive environmental consulting services focusing on environmental impact assessment and environmental consultation, inspection and testing, engineering design and environmental monitoring. The service scope covers the whole industrial chain of environmental protection such as consultation, design, environmental assessment, testing, research and development, equipment manufacturing, engineering construction, investment and operation.

  2. Main products of the company and their uses during the reporting period.

  (1) Water environment control technology

  In the field of industrial pollution control, during the reporting period, the company’s anaerobic, Fenton and sand filtration technologies were continuously optimized, and new anti-calcification anaerobic reactors were widely used. In view of the treatment of high-concentration organic wastewater such as landfill leachate, petrochemical wastewater and chemical wastewater, which is difficult to separate organic and inorganic components, the company independently developed UBEF biological enhanced filter, catalytic electrolysis, concentrated salt separation and other technologies. At present, UBEF biological enhanced filter technology has been put into operation in Guangxi and Guangdong, and its performance fully meets the design requirements. The technology for full quantitative disposal and concentrated evaporation of landfill leachate has been put into operation in many projects and has entered the equipment debugging link one after another; The catalytic electrolysis technology has completed the pilot test in the environment of high-concentration and high-salt chemical wastewater, chemical reuse membrane concentrated water and landfill leachate concentrated solution, and the test results have reached the expected goal.

  (2) Key equipment and technology of clean pulp bleaching-large chlorine dioxide preparation system and related chemical technology.

  After more than ten years of technology accumulation, the company’s self-developed "large-scale chlorine dioxide preparation system and key technology and application of chlorine-free bleaching of pulp" won the second prize of national technological invention in 2019. This technology has broken the monopoly of foreign technology, greatly reduced the investment cost, achieved zero breakthrough in the overseas export of this kind of products in China, effectively reduced the environmental pollution caused by pulp bleaching, and promoted clean production in the paper industry; The company has also developed the preparation technology of chlorine dioxide by double electrolysis, as well as clean and efficient production technologies of chemicals such as sodium chlorate, caustic soda, hydrogen peroxide, potassium chlorate, potassium perchlorate, chlorine-consuming products (trichloroisocyanuric acid, polyaluminum chloride, bleaching powder concentrate, ADC foaming agent, etc.), which provides strong technical support for the upgrading and transformation of papermaking and related chemical industries.

  (3) Soil environmental restoration

  Focusing on the disposal goal of "reduction, recycling and innocuity" of oily sludge, the technical bottlenecks of low thermal efficiency, small capacity, heavy recovered oil and low gas production rate of existing pyrolysis equipment were solved, and the technical route of "carbon reduction, carbon emission reduction and carbon recovery" was explored. During the reporting period, the company optimized the equipment process of the new pyrolysis system (OTTU), combined with the process of condensing and purifying pyrolysis gas to recover oil/gas. While ensuring that the oil content of the treated muck is lower than 0.3% (agricultural sludge grade B standard), fully optimize the thermal efficiency of the equipment and the oil sludge treatment capacity, and provide technical support for the production increase and efficiency increase of Xinjiang Aksu oil sludge disposal project and Ningbo Fuhai oil waste harmless disposal project.

  In view of the contaminated soil in chemical industry, mining, dressing and metallurgy, the company continued to carry out research on technologies, equipment and processes such as soil synergistic bioleaching, eluent recovery and waste liquid purification in combination with the national key research and development plan "Antimony and arsenic pollution source blocking and ecological treatment technology in antimony mining areas". The developed green and efficient biological leaching agent can reach the first-class leaching efficiency of heavy metal contaminated soil above 90%. Through the developed solid-solid conversion process, more than 50% of the biological eluent can be recovered from the leaching waste liquid, which can further reduce the dosage and technical cost while ensuring the leaching efficiency, maintain soil microbial metabolism and organic and inorganic carbon pools to the greatest extent, and ensure soil carbon sink capacity; After purification, the waste liquid can meet the first-class B standard of urban sewage discharge, and finally reduce the amount of polluted earthwork, pollutants and pollution discharge.

  In the field of comprehensive management and ecological restoration of mines and river basins, the company has developed in-situ blocking and in-situ purification technology of heavy metal pollution, multi-layer covering and strongly reducing microbial mineralization technology and carried out industrial application demonstration in combination with the national key R&D plan "Pollution Restoration Technology and Engineering Demonstration in the Affected Area of Southwest Nonferrous Metal Dressing and Smelting Slag Yard". At the same time, in view of agricultural non-point source pollution control, based on the national needs of rural revitalization, agricultural green development, bio-economic development, and combined with the national key research and development plan "New Functional Materials for Active Passivation of Cationic Heavy Metals in Site Soil", the microbial soil quality-enhancing and efficiency-improving materials were developed by using agricultural solid waste, meeting the technical indicators of Compound Microbial Fertilizer Standard (NY/T798-2015), simultaneously improving the soil structure and adjusting the soil pH value. Supplementing soil nutrition, enhancing crop disease resistance and stress resistance, promoting high yield and high quality of rice, vegetables and fruit trees, etc. At present, it has been demonstrated and popularized in Nanning, Chongzuo, Baise, Guigang and other places in Guangxi.

  (4) Solid hazardous waste disposal

  During the reporting period, in view of the comprehensive utilization of aluminum electrolysis overhaul slag, through the research of rapid and efficient detection technology of main elements in aluminum electrolysis overhaul slag treatment, cyanide breaking technology of complex cyanide, removal of complex fluoride and recovery of fluorine resources, evaporation crystallization and recycling technology of high-salt wastewater, and wet harmless and recycling technology of waste cathode carbon blocks from aluminum electrolysis overhaul slag, Solve the technical problems of chlorine-free and low-salt efficient removal and detoxification of complex cyanide, conversion, removal and recovery of complex fluoride in aluminum electrolysis overhaul slag under high salt and high alkali conditions, and realize efficient continuous countercurrent leaching, toxicity removal and long-term stabilization of harmless slag. At present, the small-scale experiment, pilot experiment and industrial application demonstration of resource utilization of overhaul slag have been completed, and a complete set of technology for harmless and resource treatment of overhaul slag has been successfully developed. At the same time, the company also carries out technical optimization research and industrial application promotion in the fields of carbon residue, carbon sludge and fluorine-containing wastewater treatment in aluminum electrolysis industry.

  In order to promote the green closed-loop development of new energy materials and automobile industry, and explore a new route of full-quantified comprehensive utilization of waste lithium batteries, the company developed a "two-step recycling technology of low temperature reduction-gradient acid leaching" system to solve the technical problems such as low recovery rate of valuable elements extracted from waste lithium batteries and battery factory waste, incomplete impurity removal and purification of complex nickel-cobalt-manganese-lithium solution system, low recovery rate of lithium precipitation and poor full-quantified recycling path of three wastes. Efficient extraction of valuable metals from waste lithium batteries, selective recovery of metals by multi-stage extraction technology to form high value-added products such as cobalt sulfate, nickel sulfate, manganese sulfate, copper sulfate and lithium carbonate, and at the same time, efficient defluorination, fluoride precipitation and purification systems for lithium battery electrolyte fluoride are constructed to recover fluorine resources, recycle carbon powder and reuse iron resources. This technical system is used in the comprehensive recycling of waste lithium batteries. At present, the recovery rate of nickel and cobalt is over 99.3%, the recovery rate of lithium is over 90%, and the recycling rate of process wastewater is over 95%. At present, the small-scale and pilot-scale experimental research on the recovery and purification of high-priced metals has been completed, the recycling of solid waste, tail gas and wastewater is being tested and studied, and the recycling technology is being industrialized and applied.

  (5) Civil and industrial disinfection technology and equipment

  During the reporting period, the company developed a series of chlorine dioxide solid disinfectants and disinfection equipment with core technologies around the fields of drinking water safety, respiratory health and fruit and vegetable preservation that people pay close attention to. Among them, the series of chlorine dioxide solid disinfectants include high-content AB powder, compound unitary powder portable effervescent tablets and acid-base resistant degradable air purification gel; The series of disinfection equipment includes sodium hypochlorite generator, chlorine dioxide generator, intelligent disinfection dosing device, integrated sanitation, deodorization and disinfection machine, garbage deodorizer, low-temperature disinfectant and so on. Series chlorine dioxide solid disinfectants have the characteristics of good stability, green economy and convenient use. It can be used in public health and safety, air purification, sewage treatment, fruit and vegetable preservation and other fields, which greatly broadens the application scene of ClO2 disinfectant. Series disinfection equipment has the characteristics of safe and reliable operation, high conversion efficiency of raw materials, simple operation and maintenance, and wide application scenarios.

  Up to now, the core technology products have been popularized and applied in more than 50 projects in hospitals and international health stations, such as sewage disinfection, industrial and municipal water supply and drainage disinfection, air disinfection and purification, and fruit and vegetable preservation, and achieved good application results.

  (6) The field of smart sanitation

  During the reporting period, the company further strengthened the forward research and development of sanitation equipment products and the ability to tackle key technologies, and continued to focus on the development direction of new energy, intelligence and miniaturization of sanitation equipment, and overcome core technologies such as three-electric system matching, energy management and collaborative control technology, and design simulation analysis of special devices for new energy vehicles. In the field of intelligent application of sanitation equipment, based on the research of small-scale sanitation equipment, we will further expand the technical research and development of wire-controlled transformation and intelligent control of small-scale equipment. During the reporting period, the company completed the research and development of new products such as new energy cleaning vehicle, new energy road maintenance vehicle, multifunctional dust suppression vehicle and intelligent road sweeper.

  (7) Comprehensive environmental consultation

  The company can provide customers with one-stop comprehensive consulting services in the whole process of environmental protection project consultation, environmental assessment, testing and design. At present, it has provided corresponding consulting services for many large and medium-sized petrochemical and paper-making enterprises such as (), China Petrochemical, Nine Dragons, Liwen and Taiyang, and provided overall environmental consulting services for local governments and industrial parks. With rich consulting experience and thousands of successful cases, it has become one of the industry enterprises with the most complete qualifications and the strongest comprehensive consulting services in the domestic environmental protection field.

  The company’s environmental assessment and environmental consulting services cover planning environmental assessment, construction project environmental assessment, engineering consultation, water consultation, environmental stewardship, industrial energy conservation and green development, environmental emergency plan, ecological civilization construction research, environmental stewardship research, rural domestic sewage planning and operation and maintenance, soil and groundwater pollution investigation, effect evaluation and environmental supervision, mine whole process consultation, agricultural land safety utilization and three-in-one comprehensive pre-consultation and post-operation and maintenance services. The company has a third-party testing platform company with multiple qualifications such as CNAS, CMA and CATL, which can provide various comprehensive technical services such as environmental monitoring, food and agricultural products testing, online monitoring and operation services for environmental protection products, soil pollution investigation and environmental protection acceptance of construction projects.

  3. Main business models during the reporting period

  EP is the acronym of Engineering Procurement, which means "design-procurement". The core of this model is system design and equipment integration. In this business model, the company, as a provider, first carries out scheme formulation, system design, equipment design and selection, then purchases general equipment and materials, produces or customizes core equipment and key components, and outsourcing special hardware equipment, etc. Finally, it forms a system that can complete specific functions through system assembly and integration, and sells the whole set of integrated equipment to the customer as a whole.

  EPC is an acronym for Engineering Procedure Construction, which means "design-procurement-construction". It means that the company is entrusted by customers to contract the whole process or several stages of project consultation, design, procurement, construction, installation, acceptance and trial operation in accordance with the contract, and is responsible to the owner for the quality, construction period and cost of the project in accordance with the contract, and at the same time, some of the contracted projects can be legally contracted.

  EPC mode is an extension of engineering design business and equipment system integration mode, and its service scope covers the whole process of project construction, that is, from the preliminary work of project investment until it is completed, put into production or delivered for use, which is also the so-called "turnkey" mode of project general contracting.

  PPP is an acronym for Public Private Partnership, which is a cooperation model between the government and social capital. It refers to the benefit sharing, risk sharing and long-term cooperative relationship established by the government with social capital through franchising, purchasing services and equity cooperation in order to enhance the supply capacity and improve the supply efficiency of public goods and services.

  BOT is the acronym for Build Operation Transfer, which means "build-operate-transfer". It means that the customer signs a contract with the company, and the company undertakes the financing, construction, operation and maintenance of the project. During the contract period, the company will recover the investment and make a reasonable profit by collecting the use fee or service fee. After the contract expires, the project assets and related rights will be handed over to the customer.

  Among the above business models, EPC model is an extension of EP model, which adds the civil installation process on the basis of the latter, while BOT model adds the investment in the project and the operation management process during the project operation period on the basis of EPC model.

  O&M is the acronym of Operation & Maintenance, which means that the government department with the ownership of water facilities hands over the operation and maintenance of the facilities to the company by signing the entrusted operation contract; The company is responsible for the daily operation of the facilities, but does not bear the capital investment and risks. The government departments pay the company the service cost and entrusted management remuneration.

  In addition, the company also adopts TOT (handover-operation-handover) and BOO (build-own-operate) modes to undertake business according to the specific conditions of the project and customer needs.

  4. Main performance drivers during the reporting period

  During the reporting period, the company realized an operating income of 2,223,804,900 yuan, and its main business income mainly came from comprehensive environmental management, professional technical services and operational services.

  In the comprehensive environmental management business, the income from water treatment business was 1,144,016,000 yuan. It is mainly confirmed by EPC general contracting of sewage treatment plant and supporting pipe network project in Longzhou Industrial Zone, EPC general contracting of water supply project (water plant reconstruction and expansion) in the southeast part of Sihong County, EPC general contracting of domestic sewage treatment project in Tongdao Dong Autonomous County-sewage treatment plant and supporting pipe network construction project (EPC mode) in six towns, EPC general contracting of water supply security improvement project in Tiandong County (sub-project of Pingmagou ecological environment improvement project) and EPC general contracting of ecological restoration project in Beishahe River Basin (lighthouse section). The income from soil remediation business was 101,092,900 yuan, which was mainly due to the income impact of projects such as soil pollution control design and construction project of Nanning Jiangnan Center Project, soil remediation project of plot GS1302-04/14/15/26 of Hangzhou Iron and Steel Company and surrounding planned road areas.

  Professional technical service income mainly comes from environmental protection scheme design, consultation, environmental assessment, testing, environmental protection housekeeper and other businesses. During the reporting period, the company’s professional technical service income was 212,948,200 yuan, mainly from the business income of its holding subsidiary Bohuan Environment’s EIA consultation and Hunan Boshiko’s environmental protection scheme design.

  The company’s operating income mainly comes from sewage treatment plants, waterworks, water body restoration, sanitation integration, sludge and soil disposal terminal operations. In 2022, the company realized operating income of 672,917,500 yuan, up by 11.18% year-on-year, which was mainly due to the impact of confirmed operating income, such as the PPP project of urban inland river black and odorous water treatment project in Nanning, the PPP project of regional water supply project in the southeast of Sihong County, the market-oriented service project of environmental sanitation operation in Hezhou City, and the franchise project of domestic waste comprehensive treatment operation in Xiwuzhumuqin Banner. As the sanitation, sludge disposal and PPP projects undertaken by the company gradually enter the operation stage, the scale of the company’s operating assets will continue to expand and its operating income will increase year by year.

  

  Third, the core competitiveness analysis

  Continuous technological innovation and service innovation are the core competitiveness of the company in the new competitive pattern of environmental protection industry with "strong competition and strict supervision". In recent years, by increasing investment in R&D, upgrading the technical level of equipment, and vigorously cultivating and introducing talents, the company’s technical strength has been continuously enhanced. With the adjustment and optimization of the company’s business model and business structure, it will continue to drive the company’s high-quality development.

  (1) Technological innovation and product innovation.

  By the end of the reporting period, the company and its subsidiaries had obtained 440 authorized patents, including 54 invention patents; More than 20 projects hosted or participated by the company and its subsidiaries at or above the provincial and ministerial levels; During the reporting period, the company newly issued 8 group standards, including "Technical Specification for Production of Wood Fiber-based Heavy Metal Treatment Materials", and led and participated in the issuance of 14 national and industry standards. During the reporting period, the company won the "Enterprise Science and Technology Innovation Award" in Guangxi in 2021, and the "Wood Fiber Modification and Its Application in Heavy Metal Pollution Remediation" jointly completed with Guangxi University and other units won the first prize of Guangxi Science and Technology Progress Award in 2021. The projects led by the company, such as "In-situ resistance and control technology and engineering demonstration of contaminated soil in typical antimony mining areas" and "Study on synthesis and application of ozone-based catalyst for fine chemical wastewater", were approved by Guangxi key R&D plan project and Changsha key R&D project respectively; The project of Guangxi Innovation-driven Special Project "Research and Development of Key Technologies for Pollution Control of Black and Odor Water Body and Improvement of Water Environment Quality" and "Development and Application Demonstration of Key Technologies for Industrial and Municipal Sludge Treatment, Disposal and Recycling" led by the company passed the acceptance test successfully. The company mastered the core technologies in the subdivision field, and some technology research and development realized the transformation of results and was constantly improved in practice. At present, the environmental protection equipment and related core technologies independently developed by the company have been widely used in industrial wastewater treatment, clean production, township domestic sewage treatment, river basin treatment, urban black and odorous water remediation, site and groundwater remediation, farmland remediation and sludge treatment, garbage disposal, disinfection and disinfection, etc.Stabilizing the market with technology, the projects are spread all over North China, Central China, South China, Northwest China and other places, and some equipment is exported overseas; The company implements refined, standardized and scientific management for each project undertaken by the company, puts safety first, strives to create excellent projects, establishes a good market reputation, and ensures the smooth implementation of projects in hand and realizes performance transformation; The company has all kinds of business qualifications, and has built a service system covering the whole industrial chain of environmental protection, such as environmental assessment, testing, consulting and design, research and development, equipment manufacturing, engineering construction and investment operation. By making full use of the mutual pull and promotion of all links in the industrial chain, a new pattern of coordinated development of related businesses has been formed.

  (2) Major landmark scientific and technological innovations

  1. The company broke the technological monopoly of foreign enterprises such as Canadian Erco, Chemetics and Swedish Eka, developed the engineering technology of chlorine dioxide preparation system with independent intellectual property rights, formed a series of products, solved the key technical and equipment problems in pulp clean bleaching, and turned China from an importer of pulp bleaching chlorine dioxide technology into a technology exporter in one fell swoop, achieving zero breakthrough in the export of chlorine dioxide preparation and pulp bleaching technology products in China, and becoming the major large-scale chlorine dioxide preparation equipment and equipment in the world. The related achievements won the first prize of technological invention of the Ministry of Education in 2018, the first prize of technological invention of China Light Industry Federation in 2018 and the second prize of national technological invention in 2019 respectively.

  2. The company has constructed an up-flow multi-stage anaerobic-aerobic-heterogeneous catalytic oxidation wastewater treatment technical route, which has solved the common problems that papermaking wastewater such as waste paper pulping is easy to cause granular sludge calcification in anaerobic treatment, and the traditional biological treatment of papermaking wastewater is difficult to meet the standard, completely broke the monopoly of overseas enterprises in this field, and successfully applied to nearly 100 enterprises at home and abroad, successfully achieving the standard discharge of wastewater, avoiding the danger of being shut down, and adapting to stricter environmental protection standards. In addition, this technology is also applied to the industries of fermentation, food, pharmacy, etc., which ensures the healthy and stable development of enterprises. This technological achievement won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award in 2016.

  3. The company has developed a series of advanced and applicable products and technologies around urban and rural environmental governance. Aiming at the upgrading of urban sewage treatment plants, a light filter with low concentration denitrification and high efficiency denitrification was developed, which solved the technical problems of traditional deep bed denitrification filter, such as easy hardening, small biological load, low removal rate and high operating cost. Develop MCO and MCI reactor series products according to the rural sewage treatment standards promulgated and implemented one after another, and solve the common treatment problems of large water quality fluctuation, low organic matter concentration and uncoordinated carbon-nitrogen ratio in direct discharge sewage and rural domestic sewage; The developed high-efficiency magnetic separation system and integrated SBR reactor are applied to black and odorous water treatment projects, and are gradually introduced to the market. The developed technologies related to sponge city construction and water ecological restoration technologies in inner lakes and inshore areas are applied to water ecological restoration. The above-mentioned series of environmental protection equipment and technologies are widely used in major environmental protection construction projects such as the treatment of black and odorous water bodies, the treatment of domestic sewage in rural and urban areas, and the comprehensive improvement of urban and rural environment in Guangxi, Guangdong, Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places, resulting in significant economic, ecological and social benefits.

  4. The company developed a direct-heating chain plate thermal desorption system, which solved the double problems of low efficiency of thermal disposal of oil sludge and low compliance rate. The core process of the equipment is the staged thermal desorption technology of "direct heating with multi-point heat sources+static transmission of chain plates", which has the advantages of high yield, low residual oil, wide application, no coking, high thermal efficiency and less smoke and dust. This technical equipment has been manufactured domestically and independently, and has been certified by many patents for inventions and utility models. At the same time, it has been approved by the national key R&D plan project "Construction of technical system for remediation of high-concentration oil-contaminated soil and technical demonstration and verification". In 2019, it was successfully selected into the "First (set) Guidance Catalogue for Promotion and Application of Major Technical Equipment" of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

  (C) innovative research platform carrier construction

  The company is a national high-tech enterprise, a national technological innovation demonstration enterprise and a national intellectual property demonstration enterprise. It has been recognized as the national enterprise technology center, the "Southern Shishan Mine Geological Environment Restoration Engineering Technology Innovation Center" of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Guangxi Industrial Water Pollution Control Engineering Technology Research Center, the Guangxi Contaminated Site Remediation Engineering Technology Research Center, and the Guangxi Soil Remediation Technology and Equipment Engineering Research Center. During the reporting period, the company was recognized by four scientific research platforms, including Guangxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration Technology, Guangxi Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Base, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Coastal Pollution Control and Restoration Engineering Research Center and Nanning Collaborative Innovation Center. The company has built more than 7,000 square meters of national CNAS and CMA R&D and analysis and testing laboratories, and has more than 300 sets of precision instruments and equipment such as gas chromatograph, high performance liquid chromatograph, Fourier infrared spectrometer and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer. More than 3,000 square meters of environmental protection pilot platform will be built, and nine pilot test platforms will be built, including high-concentration organic wastewater treatment test, soil and groundwater engineering test, clean production and chemical preparation test, solid hazardous waste treatment and disposal, and comprehensive utilization test of waste lithium batteries, which can simulate the whole process of pollutants such as water, gas and solid under different working conditions, realize the whole process docking of R&D-design-manufacturing-engineering-operation, and further accelerate the output rate and operation of environmental protection scientific and technological achievements.

  (D) Industrial chain innovation, incubation and construction.

  The company has built a development model of science and technology industry of "scientific and technological innovation-integrated demonstration-transformation and promotion-innovation incubation-industry driving", and has hatched or cultivated subsidiaries in environmental protection industries and business sectors such as environmental assessment consultation, analysis and testing, R&D and venture capital, industrial pollution control, disinfection products, intelligent sanitation integration, environmental protection equipment manufacturing and new material manufacturing, environmental protection facility operation and hazardous waste disposal. By the end of the reporting period, a total of 9 subsidiaries had been recognized by national high-tech enterprises, and 2 subsidiaries. During the reporting period, the company was selected into the list of Guangxi smart factory demonstration enterprises in 2022, and Hunan Boshike, a wholly-owned subsidiary, was recognized by provincial scientific research platforms such as "Hunan Province Certified Enterprise Technology Center" and "Hunan Province Refractory Industrial Wastewater Enhanced Oxidation Treatment Engineering Technology Research Center", and was awarded the upgraded version (AA level) of the integrated management system of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

  (V) Introduction of innovative talents and formation of core teams.

  The company has built a core technical team with Academician Wang Shuangfei as the chief scientist, and built a talent team around the development and application of basic research platforms and scientific and technological achievements transformation platforms in the environmental protection industry. By the end of the reporting period, the company had 1,245 R&D personnel, accounting for 27.36% of the company’s total employees. Among the employees in the company, there are 136 senior titles, 465 intermediate titles, 30 doctors and 176 masters, 1 academician of China Academy of Engineering, 2 candidates for the National "Hundred Million Talents Project", 1 leading scientific and technological innovation talent in the National "Ten Thousand Talents Program", 1 leading young and middle-aged scientific and technological innovation talent in China, 2 experts enjoying special allowances from the State Council and 1 leading professional and technical talent in national ecological and environmental protection. There are 1 top-notch young professional and technical talent in national environmental protection, 1 advanced individual in intellectual property work of national enterprises, 2 scholars in Guangxi Bagui, 1 outstanding expert in Guangxi, 2 high-level talents in Guangxi and 100 high-level talents in Nanning. High-quality talent team has become the core productivity of the company, ensuring the competitive advantage of enterprises in technology research and development and business development.

  During the reporting period, there was no serious impact on the company’s core competitiveness due to the resignation of the core management team or key technicians, upgrading of equipment or technology, and loss of franchise rights.

  1, the participation of major scientific research projects

  2. Patents and patent use rights

  By the end of the reporting period, the company and its subsidiaries had obtained 440 authorized patents, including 54 invention patents, 367 utility model patents and 19 design patents.

  3. Update and acquisition of major qualifications

  4. Software copyright

  5, the national enterprise technology center.

  In 2019, according to the Notice on Issuing the List of Newly Recognized and All National Enterprise Technology Centers in 2018 (25th Batch) jointly issued by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the General Administration of Customs and State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China (No.36 [2019] of the Development and Reform Commission), the company’s enterprise technology center was recognized as "National Enterprise Technology Center". The company’s enterprise technology center is mainly responsible for the overall grasp and implementation of the company’s technology research and development, technology development strategy, industrialization of achievements and intellectual property management. The identification of the national enterprise technology center will promote the company to attract high-end technical talents in the industry, build a high-end scientific research platform, obtain corresponding policy support, and continuously improve the company’s independent innovation ability.

  6, the national integration of production and education enterprise identification

  In 2021, the General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission and the General Office of the Ministry of Education issued the Notice on the List of Industry-Education Integration Enterprises and Pilot Cities for Industry-Education Integration (No.573 [2021] of the Development and Reform Office), and announced the first batch of 63 state-owned enterprises with industry-education integration. Dr. Bosch was selected as a national enterprise with industry-education integration, and it was the only one in Guangxi. This time, it is recognized that the company will continue to strengthen the leading and demonstration role of enterprises with integration of production and education, deepen the cooperation with universities and scientific research institutions at home and abroad in Industry-University-Research, focus on technical research of environmental protection industry, build a training base with integration of production and education around the cultivation of industrial innovative talents, strengthen scientific research investment and build a platform for the transfer of scientific and technological achievements, so as to promote the high-quality development of integration of production and education in enterprises with innovation.

  7. Identification of National Intellectual Property Demonstration (Advantage) Enterprises

  In 2022, China National Intellectual Property Administration announced the list of "a new batch of national intellectual property demonstration enterprises and advantageous enterprises that passed the review in 2022". The company was recognized as a national intellectual property demonstration enterprise in 2022, and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Hunan Boshiko, was recognized as a national intellectual property advantageous enterprise in 2022. The recognition of the National Intellectual Property Demonstration (Advantage) Enterprise marks a new step in the company’s intellectual property management, and is a high recognition of the company’s continuous implementation of the intellectual property management strategy. The company will continue to strengthen the support, promotion and leading role of intellectual property rights and technological innovation in enterprise development, maintain continuous innovation, and build an internationally influential environmental protection enterprise brand relying on technological innovation.

  8, the provincial scientific research platform identification

  In 2022, the company was recognized by the Science and Technology Department of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region as "Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration Technology in Guangxi" (Guikeji Zi [2022] No.60) and "Guangxi Scientific and Technological Innovation Cooperation Base for Environmental Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration" (Guikewaizi [2021] No.135). Hunan Boshike, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, was recognized by Hunan Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology as "Hunan Provincial Certified Enterprise Technology Center" (Xianggongxin Technology [2022] No.16) and by Hunan Provincial Department of Science and Technology as "Hunan Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Enhanced Oxidation Treatment of Refractory Industrial Wastewater" (Xiangkeji [2022] No.20). Guangxi Environmental Protection Industry Development Research Institute Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, was recognized by the Development and Reform Commission of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region as "Guangxi Beibu Gulf Coastal Pollution Control and Restoration Engineering Research Center" (Gui Fa Gai Gao Ji Han [2022] No.2312). The identification of the above-mentioned provincial-level scientific research platform will promote the company to gather environmental protection and build dual-innovation elements in upstream and downstream industrial chains, build public service platforms for environmental protection industries such as innovation, technology, talents and finance, form a dual-innovation ecosystem with outstanding innovation capability, high achievement conversion rate, strong market competitiveness and high-level talents gathering, and provide inexhaustible power for the high-quality development and ecological civilization construction of Dr.Bosch..

  9. Identification of CMA qualification

  Bose Testing, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, holds the certificate of qualification of inspection and testing institutions (CMA), and its laboratory has environmental monitoring area, food testing area, large-scale instrument area and microbial laboratory. Up to now, Bo-test has passed the qualification evaluation of inspection and testing institutions, and has been approved for more than 3,100 testing capabilities, including more than 1,600 environmental monitoring capabilities, with complete qualifications in the field of environmental monitoring; The food detection ability reaches more than 1,500 items, covering food physics and chemistry, food heavy metals, food pesticide residues, food additives, food additive products, food microorganisms, food vitamins and 31 kinds of food products. In December, 2022, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs officially published the list of the third batch of testing laboratories in the third national soil survey, and the sampling test was successfully selected, becoming one of the four laboratories in Guangxi that can undertake both sample preparation and testing tasks.

  10. CNAS accreditation

  In December 2018, the company’s testing center obtained the laboratory accreditation certificate (registration number: CNAS L6627) issued by China National Accreditation Committee for Conformity Assessment. The company’s testing center meets the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025: 2017 General Requirements for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (CNAS-CL01 Accreditation Criteria for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) and has more than 20 testing capabilities for water and wastewater. The certificate is valid until December 26, 2024.

  Bose Testing, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, obtained the laboratory accreditation certificate (registration number: CNAS L12306) issued by the National Accreditation Committee for Conformity Assessment in China in May 2019, which meets the requirements of CNAS CL01:2018 Standards for Accreditation of Testing and Calibration Laboratories and CNAS-CL01-A002:2018 Instructions for Application of Standards for Accreditation of Testing and Calibration Laboratories in Chemical Testing, and has environmental and food requirements. The certificate is valid until May 29th, 2025.

  

  Fourth, the main business analysis

  1. Overview

  In 2022, the company’s audited operating income was 2,223,804,900 yuan, a decrease of 16.29% over the same period of last year; The net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies was-448,723,700 yuan, a decrease of 66,044,600 yuan compared with the same period of last year. The operating income was 672,917,500 yuan, an increase of 11.18%, and the operating cash flow was 153,440,300 yuan, an increase of 559,131,700 yuan. The main reasons for the company’s losses are as follows: firstly, during the reporting period, the company continued to optimize its business structure. YEATION strictly controlled the municipal engineering business, vigorously developed the industrial sector business, continuously increased the proportion of equipment sales revenue, and promoted the audit and settlement of completed projects. The order volume of the municipal engineering sector decreased, and the engineering output value of some completed projects was reduced, resulting in a year-on-year decline in engineering business income. Although the orders for the industrial sector increased rapidly, most of the industrial orders signed in 2022 were still under implementation due to the volume of the project and the implementation cycle, and the acceptance and handover work could not be completed within the reporting period and turned into output value. Under the comprehensive influence, the income scale of the company’s main business declined. Secondly, according to the requirements of accounting standards and internal control system, the company conducted impairment tests on all kinds of assets, and made individual provision for impairment losses on the accounts receivable of old municipal project customers with obvious signs of impairment and the inventory of engineering projects that were stopped due to abnormal reasons and the construction period was delayed, and made provision for impairment losses of all kinds of assets of RMB104,124,200 for the whole year. To sum up,The main reasons for the company’s operating performance loss in 2022 are the decline in income scale and the provision of some asset impairment losses.

  At present, the company is in an important transition period. On the one hand, it continues to concentrate superior resources to develop industrial sector business; on the other hand, it speeds up the quality improvement and efficiency improvement of consulting and operational projects, and the business structure and income ratio structure of main business are continuously optimized. By increasing the business collaboration between the front and back ends of the industrial chain and business units of different business segments, the company has solidly promoted cost reduction and efficiency improvement and deepened reforms, focused on the settlement and payment of old projects, accelerated the revitalization of assets in hand, and strengthened risk and cost control, so as to promote the recovery of key business indicators and ensure the stable development of the company’s operations.

  (1) Focus on high-quality orders in the industrial sector and achieve breakthroughs in overseas markets.

  In 2022, the company actively adjusted its business focus, concentrated its superior resources, vigorously developed its industrial sector business, and further optimized its main business structure. During the reporting period, the company added 3.148 billion yuan in sales contracts, including 1.554 billion yuan in industrial water treatment contracts, accounting for 49.37%; The contract amount of municipal environmental management is 696 million yuan, accounting for 22.11%; The operating contract amount is 513 million yuan, accounting for 16.29%; The contract value of professional technical services such as consulting and testing was 219 million yuan, accounting for 6.96%. The overall quality of new orders and orders in hand was significantly improved, which laid a good foundation for subsequent revenue conversion and project payment. During the reporting period, the company and its subsidiaries participated in the bidding of about 332 projects, and about 214 projects won the bid, with a winning rate close to 64.46%, which fully reflected the company’s market competitiveness and sustainable operation ability.

  As the core business of the company, the industrial sector takes selling equipment and providing technical services as its main business model, and its service areas cover industries such as papermaking, food, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, chemicals and textiles. During the reporting period, the company relied on its leading edge in the field of industrial pollution control, such as waste water resource utilization and ultra-low emission key technologies, and the core technology of chlorine dioxide preparation system, and intensified the development of industrial environmental governance and pulp clean bleaching market at home and abroad. Four monomer orders of more than 100 million yuan and 26 monomer orders of more than 10 million yuan were successively signed, such as "Shouguang Meilun Chemical Pulp Factory General Contract for Chlorine Dioxide Preparation", "A Complete Equipment Supply and Technical Service Contract for Trichloroisocyanuric Acid", "A Supply Contract for 100t/d Comprehensive Chlorine Dioxide Preparation Project" and "A Complete Purchase Contract for 200,000 m3 /d Sewage Treatment Equipment". The industrial water treatment order was 1.554 billion yuan in the whole year, compared with the same period of last year.

  Up to now, the company’s supply orders for handicraft equipment are about 2.286 billion yuan (including winning the bid), including overseas orders of 1.412 billion yuan. The main customers of such orders are leading papermaking enterprises at home and abroad. In the field of industrial water treatment and clean production of pulp drifting, the company basically achieved full coverage in Southeast Asia and maintained a high market share. At the same time, it focused on the North American and South American markets, and the layout in Russia, Turkey and other markets also achieved results one after another, further enhancing its overseas market share. In the future, the company will continue to focus on the main business of industrial environmental governance, continuously enhance the market share and industry influence at home and abroad, form an industrial cluster of industrial wastewater treatment, large-scale chlorine dioxide preparation and other chemicals production, and achieve near-zero industrial emissions, consolidate the leading position of domestic industrial pollution control industry, expand the market share of overseas industries, and further increase the business volume of industrial sectors and the proportion of business income in the company.

  (II) Comprehensively promote project settlement and payment collection, and continuously optimize the business structure.

  Actively promoting project settlement and payment collection is one of the most important annual business tasks of the company. In 2022, the company realized a sales rebate of 2.119 billion yuan, an increase of 11.23% year-on-year, and the rebate work achieved substantial results. During the reporting period, the company actively recommended the examination and approval of project settlement, and completed the completion and acceptance of 61 projects throughout the year, involving an effective contract amount of 2.298 billion yuan; 77 projects were submitted for review, with a total amount of 2.282 billion yuan; 90 projects (including process audit reports) have been approved, with an amount of 1.477 billion yuan, and the follow-up company will strive to make greater breakthroughs in the final settlement of old projects. Secondly, we will continue to strengthen the collection of old projects, give full play to the functions of special classes for collection of old projects, introduce incentive measures for collection of old projects, and incorporate the collection of old projects into the assessment indicators of business units. In 2022, nearly 900 million yuan was collected from old projects, which was significantly improved compared with previous years. Thirdly, with the double optimization of order structure and quality, the efficiency of industrial project equipment payment and project progress payment has been improved. With the PPP project of water operation gradually entering the stage of commercial operation, the project company has achieved relatively stable income, and the annual operating return reached 277 million yuan, showing an increasing trend year by year, which strengthened the company’s hematopoietic capacity. In addition, for projects with long aging, large amount and high payment difficulty,By actively planning and actively communicating with the owners to replace the payment with high-quality projects or assets, establishing a legal litigation mechanism for sending and receiving letters, directly linking the payment with the performance appraisal of senior executives and business divisions, and matching different incentive policies for accounts receivable with different aging, the company has taken many measures to comprehensively promote the payment work.

  During the reporting period, the company further optimized the structure of orders in hand and the quality of newly signed orders. The orders in hand and newly signed orders are mainly EP, EPC and professional technical service orders, and most of them are projects with strong livelihood attributes such as industrial water treatment, municipal pipe network sewage treatment plant construction and water operation, which have strong payment ability, short cycle and guaranteed cash return. Secondly, actively adjust the income structure of main business, change the project implementation mode, further reduce the proportion of project income, and increase the proportion of equipment sales income and operating income. Third, continue to sort out and optimize the existing PPP projects and franchise projects, further improve the overall quality of the company’s PPP business, and gradually withdraw some projects that are ambiguous, or cannot be implemented or put into operation for a long time due to government reasons, further optimize the company’s business and debt structure, and reduce the financial pressure. Up to now, the company has withdrawn from seven PPP and franchise projects by means of equity transfer, asset transfer or changing the implementation mode, and signed the Agreement on Early Termination of Human Settlements Improvement Project in Chengjiang County, Yunnan Province with the government and the consortium leader. On the premise of ensuring the settlement and payment of the project funds, the company withdrew from Chengjiang Human Settlements PPP Project as a project shareholder and recovered the investment of 83,361,800 yuan. Fourth, the project operation was solidly promoted. During the reporting period, the company realized operating income of 672,917,500 yuan, up by 11.18% year-on-year. Up to now, the company has officially entered 23 franchise projects for commercial operation;Eight franchise projects entering the trial operation stage; 18 solid waste (integrated sanitation) operation projects; There are 5 terminal operation projects for sludge treatment and soil disposal. With the sanitation, oily sludge treatment and PPP projects undertaken by the company gradually entering the operation stage, the scale of operating assets will continue to expand, and the continuous and stable operating income and cash flow will further enhance the company’s hematopoietic function.

  (C) actively expand the sub-sectors and further deepen the industrial layout.

  As new energy vehicles enter a new stage of rapid development, power batteries will usher in the peak period of scrapping, and the demand for power battery reuse and recycling business is gradually increasing. Relying on the national enterprise technology center, Guangxi pilot research base for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in environmental protection technology and equipment, the company has played a leading role in the research and development of industrial wastewater and solid hazardous waste treatment technology and equipment, and has formed a core technology system for comprehensive utilization of waste lithium batteries with independent intellectual property rights through small-scale and industrial tests. After deliberation and approval by the company’s board of directors, it is agreed that Keqing Environment, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, will be the main body of project implementation, and invest in a new 20,000-ton/year comprehensive utilization project of waste lithium batteries, with a total investment of about 141 million yuan. If the project is successfully implemented, it will help the company to further expand the solid waste treatment business segment, deepen the industrial layout, enhance the company’s industrial position and comprehensive competitiveness in the field of environmental protection, and help the company to thoroughly implement the national strategic deployment requirements of "carbon neutrality" and "peak carbon dioxide emissions", which is in line with the company’s long-term development strategy.

  During the reporting period, the company successively signed cooperation framework agreements with Dongfeng Liuzhou Automobile Co., Ltd., Guangxi Automobile Group Co., Ltd., Liuzhou Guoxuan Battery Co., Ltd., the holding company of () Co., Ltd., and PT.YONG QING INDUSTRY(INDONESIA) of Indonesia, aiming at integrating superior resources and jointly promoting in-depth cooperation in the field of waste power battery recycling, so as to obtain good social benefits and return on investment. The signing of the above cooperation framework agreement will help the company to promote the industrialization transformation of basic research results, further expand the subdivision business in the field of solid waste treatment, and generate synergistic benefits with the company’s existing solid waste treatment and disposal sector.

  Considering the changes in the hazardous waste disposal market in the region and the customer’s demand, in order to effectively revitalize the project assets, it was approved by the second extraordinary shareholders’ meeting in 2022 that Keqing Environment, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, was allowed to carry out technical transformation on some facilities and equipment of the "Beibu Gulf Resource Recycling Project". On the basis of using the original equipment of the physicochemical treatment workshop, the original physicochemical treatment workshop was transformed into a resource utilization workshop with its own funds or self-raised funds, and 20,000 tons/year of equipment for resource utilization of electrolytic aluminum overhaul slag was added. Guangxi is a province rich in aluminum resources. As one of the few hazardous waste disposal enterprises with the qualification to dispose of overhaul slag in the region, Keqing Environment can quickly respond to the market demand, undertake the related business of overhaul slag disposal and resource utilization, and tap new profit growth points for the company.

  (4) Pay attention to both management efficiency and quality, and comprehensively promote cost reduction and efficiency improvement.

  Under the economic downturn and the pressure of performance, the company achieved cost reduction and efficiency improvement by reducing management costs, strengthening project dynamic cost control, optimizing organizational structure and personnel, and revitalizing hand assets. In terms of moving forward the risk port, we focused on strengthening pre-bid risk management and control, strengthening contract review around key business indicators, establishing and improving the project kick-off meeting procedures and project leader mechanism, and the quality of landing projects has been significantly improved. In terms of expenses, the company strictly controls the company’s payment-to-receipt ratio by means of controllable management of expenses linked to sales revenue or new orders, so as to ensure that the cash flow remains stable. In terms of project cost control, we started to promote the comprehensive budget mechanism, further strengthened the budget management, cost control, procurement control and cash flow audit of the project, and carried out the whole process tracking control of the project implementation. On the premise of ensuring that the performance and quality of equipment are not affected, the company has achieved cost reduction and efficiency improvement by optimizing equipment selection and material selection, adjusting equipment structure and improving production technology. In terms of improving management efficiency, the company takes the market, product, value and service as the main line, strengthens the linkage relationship among industry, specialty, region and customer, reconstructs the functional structure, and integrates resources and business of the business unit. In terms of information platform construction, the I8P project management system was officially launched, and the data integration and penetration of project information management, contract management, supply chain management, fund management and budget management were initially realized, and the project life cycle management level was improved.Comprehensively strengthen the response speed and management accuracy of the company’s operations. Strictly implement the performance appraisal of all employees, and establish a hierarchical appraisal system for business objectives and key tasks; According to the change of business form, on the basis of last year’s talent inventory, we will promote the work of personnel quota, quota and post, and investigate and optimize the employees who are incompetent and have poor performance through the optimization measures such as merging branches and implementing regional joint office; Further broaden the channels for talent promotion, promote the competitive recruitment mechanism for management cadres, provide an open, fair and just platform for more outstanding talents, and release organizational vitality.

  (V) Adhere to scientific and technological innovation and lead the company to develop with high quality.

  The company insists on technological innovation to drive development, and through continuous improvement of independent innovation and R&D capabilities, the company’s existing technical strength and service level are enhanced, and the competitiveness of technology and services is enhanced, so as to consolidate its leading position in the field of environmental protection segmentation. During the reporting period, the company added 66 patents, including 8 invention patents; By the end of the reporting period, the company and its subsidiaries had obtained 440 authorized patents, including 54 invention patents, 367 utility model patents and 19 design patents.

  Based on solving the key common technologies of industrial development, the company has built a benign operation mechanism from technological achievements and products to industrial application. At present, it has formed a technological innovation system of basic theoretical research on environmental protection, research and development and application of key technologies of environmental protection, and integration of production and education. In terms of scientific research platform construction, in 2022, the company was selected as the national intellectual property demonstration enterprise certification, the list of Guangxi smart factory demonstration enterprises, "Guangxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration Technology" and "Guangxi Scientific and Technological Innovation Cooperation Base for Environmental Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration"; Hunan Boshiko, a wholly-owned subsidiary, was selected as the national intellectual property advantage enterprise certification, Hunan Provincial Certified Enterprise Technology Center, Hunan Provincial Certified Enterprise Technology Center, Hunan Provincial Certified Enterprise Technology Center, Hunan Provincial Refractory Industrial Wastewater Enhanced Oxidation Treatment Engineering Technology Research Center and other provincial-level scientific research platforms, and won the conformity assessment of the upgraded version (AA level) of the two-in-one integrated management system of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. In addition, the company has been on the list of top 100 enterprises in Guangxi, top 50 manufacturing enterprises in Guangxi, top 100 high-tech enterprises in Guangxi and top 10 innovative vitality in Guangxi for many years in a row, and has been recognized by platforms such as Guangxi new R&D institutions, Guangxi pilot research base for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in environmental protection technology and equipment, Guangxi innovation consortium and Guangxi Shuangchuang demonstration base. In 2023, the company will adhere to the market-oriented scientific and technological innovation, focus on key issues in project expansion and production, let technology take the lead, effectively promote the "key variables" of scientific and technological innovation, and make achievements."Maximum increment", integrating scientific and technological innovation resources and continuously building an advanced, scientific, standardized and high-quality low-carbon environmental protection service system.

  (VI) Strengthening Party building and continuously deepening internal reform.

  In 2022, under the guidance of Socialism with Chinese characteristics Thought of the Supreme Leader in the New Era, the Party Committee of the Company effectively unified its thoughts and actions into the spirit of the 20th Party Congress, deepened the achievements of party building with "strong fortress and hard pioneer", strengthened ideological construction, gave full play to the party’s political core role, the fighting fortress of the party organization and the vanguard and exemplary role of party member, always adhered to the long-term co-construction mechanism of "Party building with workers and groups, and promoting party building with workers and groups", closely focused on the company’s business plan, and promoted.

  The company’s Party Committee adheres to the idea of leading the Party building thought and serving the development and progress of enterprises, and makes great efforts to build a "three-first-class" Party building work idea. It is the first batch of demonstration sites for Party building work in two new organizations in autonomous regions, Nanning City and High-tech Zone, and the case of Party building work has been selected in Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China’s Selected Cases of Ideological and Political Work Innovation in Private Enterprises in the New Era. During the reporting period, focusing on "strengthening ideological guidance, giving full play to organizational advantages, and consolidating the foundation between the party and the masses", the Company established the Ninth Party Branch of Boshiko and the Temporary Party Branch of the Rural Sewage Comprehensive Treatment Project along Santang and Sitanghe River in Nanning, and jointly created a "red construction site" with the front-line project departments to further play the leading role of party building. At the same time, we will complete the general election of the first, fourth and sixth branches whose terms of office expire, formulate the Detailed Rules for the Annual Assessment of the Responsibility System for Ideological and Political Work of Branch Secretaries, and all staff will sign a letter of commitment on honesty, so as to create a good atmosphere of clean and honest atmosphere and help enterprises develop healthily and sustainably. The Party Committee of the Company gives guidance to the branches and subsidiaries that have established grass-roots party organizations and carried out the work of party building, concretizes and institutionalizes the party’s leadership into corporate governance, promotes the standardization and institutionalization of party organizations, and further grasps the work of "party building into chapters". The company strictly implements the spirit of the "eight regulations", takes effective measures to effectively change the work style, and runs internal control management and anti-corruption throughout the whole process of enterprise production, operation and management. By persistently grasping the work style, it constantly strengthens the construction of leading cadres and creates a healthy, harmonious and entrepreneurial atmosphere.Promote the internal reform and development of enterprises to a new level.

V. Prospect of the Company’s Future Development

  1. The development prospect of the company’s industry.

  According to the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the construction of ecological civilization is a Millennium plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, and the harmonious coexistence between man and nature is regarded as an important part of the basic strategy of adhering to and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and the construction of beautiful China is regarded as a major goal of building a socialist modern power in an all-round way, so that the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of ecological environment are promoted to an unprecedented strategic height. Under the guidance of the important strategic thinking of the Supreme Leader’s General Secretary on ecological civilization construction, China’s ecological environment protection has achieved remarkable results from the realization of historical, turning and overall changes in practice, and the construction of beautiful China has taken important steps. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China’s Proposal on Formulating the 14th Five-year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-term Goals for the Year 2035, which was deliberated and adopted by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, regards "achieving new progress in ecological civilization construction" as one of the main goals of economic and social development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, and regards "widely forming a green production and lifestyle, stabilizing and declining carbon emissions after reaching the peak, fundamentally improving the ecological environment, and basically realizing the goal of building a beautiful China" as the goal of basically realizing socialist modernization by 2035. The Party’s Report to the 20th CPC National Congress further clarified that "the urban and rural living environment has been significantly improved, and the construction of beautiful China has achieved remarkable results" is listed as the main target task in the next five years; He also stressed that it is necessary to promote the construction of beautiful China, adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, coordinate industrial structure adjustment, pollution control, ecological protection, and respond to climate change, and jointly promote carbon reduction, pollution reduction, greening and growth.Promote ecological priority, conservation and intensive, green and low-carbon development. In recent years, the state and government have paid more and more attention to the development of advanced environmental protection industries, and have successively issued a number of policies to promote the development of the industries. For example, Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Urban Environmental Infrastructure, Development Plan for Urban Sewage Treatment and Resource Utilization in the Tenth Five-Year Plan, Action Plan for Fighting Against Pollution in Agriculture and Rural Areas (2021-2025), Action Plan for Fighting Against Pollution in Agriculture and Rural Areas (2021-2025), Action Plan for Environmental Protection of Urban Black and Odor Water Remediation in the Tenth Five-Year Plan, and Action Plan for Promoting Wastewater Resource Utilization The catalogue of major environmental protection technologies and equipment developed and the implementation opinions on creating a better development environment to support the healthy development of private energy-saving and environmental protection enterprises have provided a good development environment for the development of advanced environmental protection industries.

  2. Future business objectives

  (1) Support enterprises with scientific and technological innovation to continuously improve the core competitiveness of equipment manufacturing.

  The Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Industry points out that it is necessary to strengthen the collaborative innovation and development of technology research and development, promote the intelligent and green transformation and development of production, promote the development of product diversification and branding, guide the differentiated and integrated development of industries, and encourage enterprises to develop internationally and openly. Under the increasingly strict requirements of national environmental protection inspectors and environmental monitoring, there is an urgent demand for environmental protection equipment products and technologies. The company will further optimize its business composition, stick to its main business, focus on innovation, increase the proportion of core technology and equipment sales in its business contribution, and actively expand environmental comprehensive services with emphasis on equipment manufacturing.

  (2) Continue to maintain the core competitive advantage in the field of traditional industrial pollution control.

  With the development of local economy and the need of environmental treatment, the demand for centralized pollution control and treatment of enterprise groups in industrial parks has increased, and water treatment services have also been systematically treated from the point source of a single enterprise to the whole park. Comprehensive utilization and development of water resources With the expansion of the number and scale of industrial parks and the improvement of industrial wastewater treatment standards, the comprehensive water treatment business in industrial parks will have a huge market space. Relying on its own core technology and engineering project experience, while continuously consolidating the leading position of wastewater treatment in sugar and paper industries, the company continues to maintain its core competitive advantages in the fields of anaerobic treatment of high-concentration organic wastewater and advanced treatment of refractory wastewater, preparation technology and system integration of clean and bleached chlorine dioxide in pulp and paper making, focusing on equipment manufacturing and vigorously expanding the wastewater treatment market in other industries such as semiconductor, pharmaceutical, chemical, textile and food.

  (3) Focus on sewage treatment projects in villages and towns.

  Treating rural sewage well is of great significance for improving the water source environment in China, promoting the construction of beautiful countryside and enhancing the happiness of rural people. In January 2021, the National Development and Reform Commission and other ten departments jointly issued the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Reuse of Sewage Resources (No.13 [2021] of the Development and Reform Commission), which made important arrangements for comprehensively promoting the reuse of sewage resources. According to the opinion, by 2025, the national sewage collection efficiency will be significantly improved, the sewage treatment capacity of county towns and cities will basically meet the needs of local economic and social development, and the sewage treatment in water-sensitive areas will basically be upgraded; The utilization rate of reclaimed water in water-deficient cities at or above the prefecture level in China has reached more than 25%, and that in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei has reached more than 35%; The reuse of industrial water, livestock manure and the utilization of fishery tail water have been significantly improved; The policy system and market mechanism of sewage resource utilization have been basically established. By 2035, a systematic, safe, environmentally friendly and economical pattern of sewage resource utilization will be formed. The company has developed a series of advanced and applicable products and technologies such as low-concentration denitrification and high-efficiency denitrification light filter, MCO, MCI reactor series products, high-efficiency magnetic separation system, integrated SBR reactor, etc. around urban and rural environmental governance, and will continue to develop and optimize products and technologies that meet market demand. Intensify efforts to expand water investment, construction and operation, urban water supply and drainage integration, reclaimed water reuse, urban inland river and black and odorous water treatment, sponge city construction, river basin water ecological restoration and other projects.

  (4) Optimize the light asset business and actively promote the innovation of business model.

  The company maintains the competitive advantage of the whole environmental protection industry chain, concentrates resources to consolidate the industry position of environmental services such as environmental assessment, consulting, testing, design and sanitation in Guangxi, Guangdong and Hunan markets, maintains the steady growth of business, and at the same time benchmarks the business model of similar enterprises to improve the profitability of the project. The company has changed from pursuing volume to pursuing quality, gradually reducing the proportion of engineering projects, shifting its business focus to high-quality EPC projects and equipment sales projects with profit as the guide, and unswervingly taking the road of light assets, thus achieving the "four reductions" goal of reducing capital occupation, reducing the accumulation of accounts receivable, reducing financing costs and reducing the loss of bad debts.

  (5) Further expand the market of solid waste treatment and disposal.

  During the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" period, it is more urgent to comprehensively improve the efficiency of resource utilization around the theme of promoting high-quality development. Domestic waste treatment, industrial solid waste treatment, hazardous waste treatment, construction waste treatment and other businesses set sail again. Judging from the performance of several sub-fields, China’s solid waste treatment industry is showing a brand-new development trend. With the horizontal expansion of the industrial chain of traditional sanitation enterprises and the vertical expansion of solid waste terminal disposal enterprises such as incineration, the competition of solid waste disposal projects has become increasingly fierce. Relying on the long-term accumulation of customer resources and related technical reserves in the field of water treatment, the company has developed key technologies and equipment such as harmless treatment of solid waste, recycling of resources, and disposal of solid hazardous waste through in-depth market development, so as to further expand the market of "harmless, reduced and recycled" disposal of solid waste.

  Emerging sub-sectors such as "waste-free cities", garbage sorting, smart sanitation, intelligent upgrading, and unmanned sanitation vehicles began to rise in the sanitation sector, and continued to attract the attention of the industry and capital at a high growth rate. The company is engaged in multi-field sanitation industry chain business, has built an intelligent integrated service system for urban and rural sanitation, and has successfully explored a comprehensive service model for operational cleaning and garbage collection, transportation, treatment and terminal disposal in urban and rural areas. In order to adapt to the rapid development of the sanitation market, the company focuses on the research and development of special vehicles and the improvement of equipment manufacturing production capacity, and creates a smart sanitation cloud platform and intelligent driving technology for the company; Strive to reach the advanced level of domestic sanitation industry in the development of special sanitation vehicles, intelligent control technology, new energy technology, smart cloud platform and intelligent manufacturing.

  At present, the company has successfully developed a complete set of technologies for harmless and resource-based treatment of overhaul slag. After applying the comprehensive treatment technology of the company’s overhaul slag, the harmless slag is identified as general industrial solid waste, which can truly "take off the hat" of hazardous waste and further utilize building materials as resources; The high-value carbon powder, fluorite balls and other products obtained by recycling waste cathode carbon blocks can meet the requirements of corresponding product standards, and can be used as raw materials for upstream and downstream industries such as refining and fluorine chemical industry, so as to realize multi-scene industrial application of resource products. As one of the few hazardous waste disposal enterprises in Guangxi, Keqing Environment, a subsidiary of the company, can quickly respond to the market demand, undertake the related business of overhaul slag disposal and resource utilization, and tap new profit growth points. New energy vehicles have been widely promoted and applied since 2013, and entered the accelerated growth stage in 2014, and they have been rapidly released since 2015. The New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2021-2035) proposes that the proportion of new energy automobile sales in China will reach about 20% of new automobile sales in 2025, and the high production and sales of new energy vehicles will drive the loading capacity of power batteries to rise, and power batteries will face a large scale of retirement in the future. Relying on the national enterprise technology center, Guangxi pilot research base for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in environmental protection technology and equipment, the company has played a leading role in the research and development of industrial wastewater and solid hazardous waste treatment technology and equipment, and has formed a core technology system for the comprehensive utilization of waste lithium batteries with independent intellectual property rights.The company will explore the recycling market of new energy power batteries, further expand the subdivision business in the field of solid hazardous waste treatment, and have a synergistic effect with the company’s existing solid hazardous waste treatment and disposal plate, which is in line with the company’s long-term development strategy and is conducive to the company’s in-depth implementation of the national strategic deployment requirements of "carbon neutrality" and "peak carbon dioxide emissions".

  (6) comprehensively enhance the service capability advantages of the whole industry chain.

  The company will continue to focus on water treatment, soil remediation, clean production, solid waste disposal and other main businesses, implement the strategic concept of "whole industry chain service", adhere to the Industry-University-Research cooperation model, promote the commercialization of research results, and constantly improve the one-stop environmental management service platform integrating environmental assessment, monitoring, testing, environmental sanitation, engineering consulting, design, research and development, equipment manufacturing, engineering construction, facility operation and investment and financing operation, so as to broaden the income sources.

  3, the future annual business plan

  (1) Maintain the advantages of traditional business, tap the potential in depth, strive for progress steadily and explore new performance growth.

  On the basis of maintaining the steady growth of traditional business, the company actively expands the industrial market (including the business of chemicals) and focuses on building the equipment manufacturing field. On the one hand, the internal industrial chain of the company develops in a coordinated and efficient way, improving the quality of products and services, reducing operating costs and achieving sustained growth in operating performance. On the other hand, we will gradually take petrochemical, food brewing and pharmaceutical as the main expansion direction, and actively lay out new performance growth points.

  (2) Expand and strengthen overseas business and actively deploy the global market.

  Focusing on the global strategic layout, the company continues to dig deep into the markets of Indonesia, India and the United States, and strive for more contracts. At the same time, it actively expands the markets of Russia, Southeast Asia and South America, further expands its overseas business and builds an influential international brand. While absorbing the technical experience of developed regions, it also further exports domestic advanced environmental protection treatment technologies and cooperates with international cutting-edge scientific research institutions to form an open, integrated and coordinated industrial innovation system. By building a North American R&D center, we will attract outstanding talents at home and abroad, focus on solving complex and systematic environmental problems, benchmark the international and domestic advanced level, select the right path, and concentrate on promoting major technological breakthroughs, thus providing a strong support for Bosch to lay out the global market.

  (3) Accelerate the transformation and upgrading of business operations and strive to create new growth points for performance.

  The company actively carries out the business of resource utilization of overhaul slag disposal and comprehensive utilization of power batteries. By adopting the core technical advantages of self-research, it opens up the closed loop of the high-priced metal industrial chain of "recycling of waste batteries-recycling of lithium and other high-priced metals-manufacturing products as battery raw materials", which can not only greatly improve the recovery rate and product purity of valuable metals in waste lithium batteries, but also realize near zero discharge of advanced treatment of wastewater. It can serve the resource utilization demand of waste lithium batteries outside the radiation zone in Guangxi, promote the sustainable development of Guangxi’s new energy automobile industry, form a closed-loop resource recycling of the power battery industry, and help the new energy to reduce carbon.

  (4) Pay attention to forward-looking basic research and realize efficient achievement transformation.

  Focusing on the key areas of environmental protection industry and future development, the company has built a high-level talent team and a high-level scientific research platform to lead forward-looking basic research and original innovation, achieve a major breakthrough in scientific research, and explore various ways to solve the bottleneck problem in applied basic research. The company pays attention to cultivating excellent R&D and management talents, popularizing advanced management experience and incentive mechanism, further stimulating innovation vitality, promoting the innovative development of "basic research, application development, achievement transformation and technology popularization", and constantly consolidating and enhancing the core competitiveness of enterprises.

  The above development strategy and business plan do not constitute the Company’s substantial commitment to any investors and related parties. Investors and related parties should keep sufficient risk awareness and understand the differences between plans, forecasts and commitments.

  4. Possible risks and countermeasures

  (1) Risk of continued decline in business performance

  In 2022, the company realized an operating income of 2,223,804,900 yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 16.29%; The net profit attributable to ordinary shareholders of listed companies was-448,723,700 yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 66,044,600 yuan, and the operating fundamentals were better than last year.

  In 2022, influenced by changes in the domestic economic environment and intensified competition in the industry, the company insisted on optimizing its business structure. YEATION strictly controlled the municipal engineering business, vigorously developed the industrial sector business, continuously increased the proportion of equipment sales revenue, and promoted the audit and settlement of completed projects. The order volume of the municipal engineering sector decreased, and the engineering output value of some completed projects was reduced, resulting in a year-on-year decline in engineering business income. Although the orders for the industrial sector increased rapidly, most of the industrial orders signed in 2022 were still under implementation due to the volume of the project and the implementation cycle, and the acceptance and handover work could not be completed within the reporting period and turned into output value. Under the comprehensive influence, the income scale of the company’s main business declined. Secondly, according to the requirements of accounting standards and internal control system, the company conducted impairment tests on all kinds of assets, and made individual provision for impairment losses on the accounts receivable of old municipal project customers with obvious signs of impairment and the inventory of engineering projects that were stopped due to abnormal reasons and the construction period was delayed. In the whole year, the company made provision for impairment losses of all kinds of assets of RMB104,124,200. To sum up, the main reasons for the company’s operating performance loss in 2022 are the decline in income scale and the provision of some asset impairment losses.

  In the future, if there are unfavorable factors such as shrinking downstream market demand, intensified industry competition and rising operating costs, or if the company fails to consolidate and enhance its competitive advantage in the market and its market development ability is insufficient, the growth rate of its revenue and profit will decrease, and there may also be a risk that its performance will continue to decline.

  The company continued to improve internal control, strengthen financial and capital operation control, and strengthen the refined management of costs and budgets to promote the continuous improvement of the company’s operating quality and the steady recovery of operating benefits; By adopting the method of system supplemented by process control, we will strengthen the supervision of pre-bid control, project establishment, target cost calculation and procurement plan, take project profit as the core assessment element, deepen the relationship between benefit and performance assessment, and further promote the risk control of the whole project life cycle.

  (2) risk of debt caused by the high debt scale and asset-liability ratio.

  By the end of 2022, the company’s debt scale was 9,450,636,000 yuan, and its asset-liability ratio (consolidated statement) was 78.76%, which was at a high level. During the reporting period, in addition to its own business accumulation, the company mainly obtained the funds needed for operation through debt financing. The company is in the process of development. In the future, with the increase of the number of projects undertaken by the company and the amount of orders, the company’s demand for working capital will also increase. If there is a shortage of working capital in the future operation of the company, it will bring certain risk of debt to the company.

  In order to cope with the impact of high asset-liability ratio on the company and ensure the smooth implementation of the project and business development, the company has formulated an efficient fund utilization plan, built a fund management and control platform and actively expanded various financing channels; Secondly, by strengthening supplier management and implementing centralized procurement, we can control the cost of raw materials, improve the R&D and processing capacity of core equipment products, and optimize the structure of production personnel to improve the gross profit margin and enhance the profitability of the company. At the same time, through self-management accumulation, increasing the collection of accounts receivable, making full use of high-quality projects to obtain special government subsidies and tax incentives, the sources of funds are continuously expanded, the cost of funds is saved, the working capital demand of the company is ensured, and the possible risk of debt is effectively reduced.

  (3) Impairment risk caused by large balance of accounts receivable and contract assets.

  At the end of 2020, 2021 and 2022, the book value of the company’s accounts receivable and contract assets totaled 2,673,775,500 yuan, 2,745,739,400 yuan and 2,981,610,800 yuan respectively, accounting for 51.00%, 55.48% and 64.24% of the total current assets at the end of the current period.

  The balance of the company’s accounts receivable and contract assets is relatively large, mainly due to the continuous expansion of the company’s business scale. Due to the characteristics of phased collection, and the company’s customers are mainly large and medium-sized enterprises, listed companies, state-owned enterprises and government units in the industry, the payment procedures are more complicated, and some customers’ ability to pay is reduced, which leads to a large degree of capital occupation of the company by accounts receivable and contract assets, which makes the company face certain credit impairment risks. If the corresponding funds cannot be recovered in time according to the contract, it will have an adverse impact on the company’s operating conditions and cash flow.

  The main engineering projects involved in the company’s accounts receivable and contract assets are in normal construction state or in the process of completion acceptance, audit settlement, etc., and the progress of some projects may be delayed due to economic downturn, land acquisition by local government and adjustment of implementation methods. In the future, if the company’s major engineering projects can’t be constructed normally, completed acceptance, audited settlement, etc., or there are other major uncertainties in further progress, it may lead to the risk that the company’s accounts receivable and contract assets can’t be recovered and a large amount of bad debt reserve is accrued, which in turn leads to the risk that the company will face a decline in operating performance.

  On the one hand, the company regards payment collection as one of the most important business tasks of the year, matches different incentive policies for accounts receivable with different aging, and directly links payment collection with the performance appraisal of executives and various business divisions according to the newly formulated assessment method, so as to comprehensively strengthen the management of accounts receivable recovery; At the same time, we will focus on projects with strong payment ability and guaranteed financing, regard project payment as an important evaluation index for bidding selection, strengthen contract management and risk control, and ensure that the contract is fulfilled as promised. On the other hand, after years of great-leap-forward development, the company has achieved a certain industry position in a number of environmental protection sub-sectors. The company will adhere to sustainable high-quality development, continue to optimize its business model and order structure in the face of complex and changeable market environment and competitive pressure in the industry, intensify efforts to promote project settlement and payment of old projects, accelerate the franchise projects to enter commercial operation, and actively eliminate the risk of business performance decline that may be caused by credit impairment and asset impairment.

  (4) Risk of 4)PPP business model

  PPP projects usually have the characteristics of large investment, long construction and operation period, which makes the company have certain risks in implementing PPP business, such as macroeconomic risks, policy environmental risks, market environmental risks, legal change risks, financial risks, financing risks, construction risks, operational risks, risks that the overall project progress is not as expected, risks that the budget and settlement are greatly deviated, and risks that the handling capacity in the operation stage is not as expected, which may ultimately affect the feasibility and actual economic benefits of the company’s PPP projects.

  During the reporting period, the company did not undertake new PPP projects. For the PPP project in hand, the company has set up a special working class, on the one hand, it actively promotes the project implementation, audit settlement and commercial operation, on the other hand, it further optimizes the operation management of the project in operation, enhances the profitability of the project, and lays the foundation for obtaining a stable return on investment in the future; Thirdly, the PPP projects in hand were further sorted out, and the PPP project evaluation and analysis report, PPP project investment income target tracking table, PPP project exit work plan tracking table and fixed assets investment realization plan tracking table were formulated, etc., and the status of PPP projects was dynamically analyzed, and the exit or transfer negotiations were initiated for projects that were difficult to advance. By the end of the reporting period, seven PPP project exit agreements had been signed.

  (5) Risk of intensified market competition

  In 2020, 2021 and 2022, the comprehensive gross profit margin of the company’s main business was 27.33%, 15.59% and 11.11% respectively. As a pillar industry of the national economy, the state has paid more and more attention to the development of environmental protection industry. Especially after entering the "14 th Five-Year Plan" period, the scale of environmental protection industry has steadily expanded, driven by favorable policies and accelerated release of orders, and industrial investment has been continuously enhanced.

  While the environmental protection industry market presents great potential, the market competition is also increasing. In the market competition with environmental protection enterprises at home and abroad, if the company cannot maintain its advantages in technological innovation, product cost control and after-sales tracking service in the future, the market competition risk faced by the company will further increase.

  In order to cope with the complex and changeable market environment and increasingly fierce market competition and ensure the smooth realization of the company’s business strategy, the company insists on building its core competitiveness, actively explores foreign markets based on the domestic market, enhances its marketing ability and technical service support, and enhances its ability to cope with market changes.

  (6) the risk of technology being overtaken

  In 2020, 2021 and 2022, the company’s R&D expenses were 193,026,300 yuan, 200,044,300 yuan and 170,669,500 yuan respectively. The company invested heavily in technology research and development. If the company cannot continue to maintain its advantages in technological innovation in the future, it will face the risk of being eliminated or overtaken, which will lead to the company being at a disadvantage in the future market competition.

  In terms of technological innovation, the company will continue to strengthen R&D innovation and achievement transformation, expand key technology reserves, promote the application of scientific research achievements in production, actively build an industry-leading technology brands, and provide strong technical support and services for the development of the company’s business market.

  (7) Risk of production safety

  The environmental comprehensive treatment project undertaken by the company usually involves equipment manufacturing, assembly and integration, transportation and installation, project site construction and other links, which are dangerous and easily affected by various uncertain factors or unpredictable factors. Therefore, in the process of project implementation, the company has certain project implementation safety risks.

  In order to scientifically prevent the safety risks in the project implementation process, the company implemented standardized management of on-site safety production, implemented occupational health and safety management system, applied PDCA cycle management mode, carried out hazard factor identification, and conducted closed-loop management of potential safety production hazards, effectively reducing all kinds of safety production risks, promoting the continuous improvement of on-site safety management level of the project, and ensuring the smooth and rapid implementation of the project.

  (8) Environmental risks

  In recent years, the national pollution emission standards have been continuously improved, environmental testing indicators and requirements have been continuously increased, and the daily supervision of environmental protection departments has also been continuously strengthened. The company mainly conducts business by undertaking environmental protection projects or investing, constructing and operating environmental protection projects. In daily operation, there are risks in environmental protection such as air pollution, harmful substances, sewage and solid waste discharge, and noise pollution.

  Although the company has taken a number of measures to avoid or minimize the potential adverse impact on the environment in the process of project construction and operation, there are still certain environmental protection risks in the actual production and operation process. If environmental pollution incidents occur, it may have a certain adverse impact on the company’s management, brand reputation and profitability.

  The company attaches great importance to the investigation and resolution of environmental risks, and has set up a professional operation team to formulate practical accident prevention measures for different types of projects, eliminate potential unsafe factors and management defects, continuously improve the emergency response capability of environmental emergencies and avoid major environmental incidents.

BYD Han DM-i or 1.5T hybrid system listed in the third quarter.

  [Aika Auto Domestic New Car Original]

  A few days ago, Aika Automobile learned that BYD Han DM (parameter picture) (parameter | inquiry) -i is expected to be listed in the third quarter. Han DM-i continues BYD Han’s design and makes adjustments in details. BYD Han DM-i is equipped with a DM-i plug-in hybrid system composed of 1.5T engine and motor.


Byd Han DM (inquiry module, please don’t edit it manually, if you need to delete it, please right-click on the picture to delete the inquiry)

  In terms of appearance, BYD Han DM-i basically continues the design of the current model in terms of appearance. The air intake grille adopts hexagonal design and the interior is decorated with lattice chrome. In terms of body size, the length, width and height of the new car are 4960/1910/1495mm and the wheelbase is 2920mm respectively.

  In terms of power, BYD Han DM-i is equipped with a DM-i plug-in hybrid system consisting of a 1.5T engine and a motor. The maximum power of the 1.5T engine code-named BYD476ZQC is 102kW (139HP), and the model of permanent magnet synchronous motor is TZ220XYG, with the maximum power of 145kW (197HP). In terms of batteries, the new car will be equipped with lithium iron phosphate batteries.

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In the 45 days since its listing, the new M7 in Wenjie has exceeded 70,000 units, and its sales are hot.

According to the official news, since the new M7 was officially launched and delivered on September 12th, it has exceeded 70,000 units in 45 days, which is half a month ahead of the time when it exceeded 60,000 units on October 15th. The new M7 in Wenjie has launched five models, with the price range of 249,800 yuan to 329,800 yuan.

As a modified model, the appearance of the new M7 has not changed much from that of the old model. The main change is that the MAX version updates and upgrades the AGS active intake grille, which optimizes the drag coefficient of the whole vehicle by 11%. In addition, the new car has added a side-looking camera at the front fender and adopted Huawei ADS 2.0 advanced intelligent driving system.

The body size of the new M7 is 5020mm (length) × 1945mm (width) × 1760mm (height), and the wheelbase is 2820mm. The rim is available in 20-inch and 21-inch specifications, and the body color has added ice crystal silver. In addition, the new car can also be equipped with electric pedals, electric suction doors and luggage racks with built-in network antennas. In terms of storage space, the trunk volume of the five-seat model is 686 liters, which can be expanded to 1619 liters at the maximum, and the trunk length of the six-seat model is increased by 46 mm.

In terms of interior, the overall design of the new M7 basically continues the old model, and only the color of the steering wheel is fine-tuned to keep it consistent with the theme color in the car. The new car is equipped with a 10.25-inch curved full LCD instrument panel and a 15.6-inch central control panel, with a built-in HarmonyOS intelligent cockpit system. In addition, the new car is also equipped with independent air conditioning in three temperature zones.

The new car comes standard with four seats and is equipped with ventilation, heating and massage functions. In addition, the new car is equipped with Huawei’s in-vehicle smart screen system, and the rear row can support two sets of Huawei’s in-vehicle smart screen systems, supporting functions such as front and rear multi-screen connection and interaction, car control, and supporting various scenes such as education, office, entertainment and games.

In terms of power, the new M7 in Wenjie is equipped with an extended-range power system consisting of a 1.5-liter four-cylinder turbocharged range extender and a Huawei drive motor, and offers two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive options. Among them, the maximum power of the range extender is 112 kW, and the maximum power of the rear axle drive motor is 200 kW; The four-wheel drive model also adds a driving motor with a maximum power of 130 kW to the front axle. The new car has a comprehensive cruising range of 1,300 kilometers under CLTC, a pure electric cruising range of 240 kilometers, a fuel consumption of 5.6 liters per 100 kilometers under feed condition, and an acceleration time of 4.8 seconds per 100 kilometers for the four-wheel drive model. In addition, the new car has also upgraded the chassis, equipped with front and rear suspension double FSD variable damping shock absorbers.

Cancel the physical button. Is BYD’s new generation of Tang a breakthrough or playing with fire?

BYD’s last bomb in the new energy battlefield this year was finally dropped, and a new generation of BYD Tang, which received much attention, was officially listed. The BYD Tang released this time has made great progress over the previous generation in terms of appearance, interior, powertrain and technology configuration. Undoubtedly, its appearance means that BYD has reached a new level in new energy vehicles.

The car is definitely a good car. From the attention before listing, we can see how high expectations manufacturers and fans have for it. However, there is a detail in BYD Tang that makes me uneasy, that is, the new generation Tang will remove all the physical buttons of the central control, leaving only a few buttons around the gear lever and on the steering wheel, and replace them with a 14.6-inch intelligent floating large screen. At first glance, the sense of science and technology is full of intelligence and high-end atmosphere, but combined with the actual use process, I can’t help but think about it.

Nokia becomes Apple BYD is playing with fire.

BYD has always had an inexplicable ambiguity about the buttons on the central control. From the first model released in Dynasty series, BYD changed all the buttons on the central control to Chinese printing, in order to highlight that the vehicle was made in China and convenient for China people to use. A few years later, BYD developed to the second stage. The Tang released this time simply saved all the central control buttons, leaving none, just playing with the IPod. Technology has been upgraded, but what should we do about safety?

All Chinese keys

To give a simple example, the earliest popular mobile phone was Nokia. At that time, it was all physical buttons, and each button only represented a function. After a long time, we could operate the mobile phone to send text messages and make phone calls without looking at the screen, because each step was fixed and the buttons were fixed. Later, Joe helped the Lord break the pattern of mobile phones, and Apple brought the whole mobile phone industry into the era of smart touch screens. The mobile phone has no physical buttons, only a big screen is left. No matter how long it takes, it won’t be able to send short messages without looking at the screen as before, because every operation you make is a non-directional command, and you don’t know what you ordered at the moment. At the same time, the functions of mobile phones and the amount of information they carry are also increasing, and people’s eyes stay on mobile phones for a long time, thus ignoring the surrounding situation. The emergence of smart phones once increased the road accident rate.

The same thing happened in the car. In the past, we could control the switch of the air conditioner with one hand without leaving the road ahead, and adjust the temperature, air volume and radio frequency of the air conditioner. Now I want to do this series of actions with Tang, so I must shift my eyes to this big screen, then slide the screen, click on the air conditioner application, and then click on it to adjust the temperature and air volume after entering the interface.

In case I miss something in any step, I have to press the back button again, so my eyes will look at the big screen from time to time, I can’t concentrate on the road ahead, and the risk factor of driving will be greatly improved. This is just a function. If you put a movie on the big screen, the ending is too beautiful for me to watch. . . .

It’s dangerous for drivers to look at their mobile phones while driving, so you just put a big ipod next to me naked. Can I paint Tik Tok, eat chicken and drive a good car?

Voice control system cannot represent everything.

If you can cancel the physical keys, there will inevitably be a successor, that is, the popular voice control system, which is linked to the Internet and can complete the corresponding instructions through voice recognition. The voice control system has been used by major brand manufacturers in recent years and has gradually become the standard of new cars. But the voice system is the icing on the cake after all, and it still can’t be the dominant one at the present stage.

Analysis, although BYD has not announced it, the supplier of voice system should be iFLYTEK, and iFLYTEK has always been in a leading position in the field of voice recognition. In recent years, the car-mounted voice system developed has been widely used in different models of major brands, and its voice recognition accuracy has reached more than 95%.

However, used riders know that the voice recognition system in the car is also flawed; First, the response is too slow, and it usually takes a few seconds to respond after a command is spoken; Second, even if the recognition degree has reached more than 95%, there will often be recognition errors and unrecognizable situations, and used riders should all have experience, so at this stage, voice control can’t represent everything.

ponyHot review

It is undeniable that with the development of science and technology, cars in the future will become more and more intelligent and technological. You don’t even need to press buttons, and you can fully realize human-computer interaction and unmanned driving. From this point, BYD is undoubtedly a pioneer. But at present, the level of intelligent technology is not enough to support this change. Otherwise, with the technical strength of BBA, I dare not try to cancel the physical keys of central control so far.

Some people will say that Tesla doesn’t have physical buttons either, because the market share of Tesla is too low. Even if there is a problem in this respect, it is considered as an individual phenomenon, but the sales volume of Tang after listing will be more than ten times that of Tesla. With such a large market share, the problem will soon be highlighted.

Of course, these are only analysis. Only after the vehicle is handed over to consumers for a period of time can we know whether the worried things will happen. If you have any questions, welcome to smash the hammer.